CHAPTER 36 - cfw_CHAPTER 36 What gave India the right to...

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{CHAPTER 36} What gave India the right to self rule but kept British control in India India act of 1937 US policies in Latin America Good neighbor policy , dollar diplomacy What strengthened Mao zedong's leadership Long march Gandhi's policy of nonviolence Satyagraha Mao zedong's rival Jang jieshi What party did hang jieshi lead. Guomindang What provided the Japanese with an excuse to send troops go Manchuria Mukden incident Proposed separation of India into two states Muhammad Ali Jinnah What burned on Sept 11 1937 Purple mountain How many people were saved as a result of the safety zone 250,000 Who created the safety zone John Rabe Not one of Gandhi's policies Industrialization What effect did the great depression have on japan Forces expansion What did sun yatsen want for china Invoke republic, no communism What Mexican president nationalized oil industry Lazaro Cardenas Galvanized Chinese against foreign influences May fourth movement Encouraged unification of Africa Pan- africanism How did Great depression aggravate tensions between Hindus and Muslims Hindus dominated economically, Muslims feared complete domination Explain Maoism Peasants lead social revolution I. Asian Paths to Autonomy A. India's quest for home rule 1. Indian National Congress and Muslim League a. After WWI, both organizations dedicated to achieving independence b. Indian nationalists inspired by Wilson's Fourteen Points and the Russian Revolution c. Frustrated by Paris Peace settlement: no independence for colonies d. British responded to nationalist movement with repressive measures 2. Mohandas K. Gandhi (1869-1948), leader of Indian nationalism a. Raised as a well-to-do Hindu, studied law in London b. Spent twenty-five years in South Africa, embraced tolerance and nonviolence c. Developed technique of passive resistance, followed a simple life d. Became political and spiritual leader, called the Mahatma ("Great Soul") e. Opposed to caste system, especially the exclusion of untouchables f. 1920-1922, led Non-Cooperation Movement; 1930, Civil Disobedience Movement 3. The India Act of 1937 a. 1919 British massacre at Amritsar killed 379 demonstrators, aroused public b. Repression failed, so the British offered modified self-rule through the India Act c. Unsuccessful because India's six hundred princes refused to support d. Muslims would not cooperate, wanted an independent state e. Great Depression worsened conflict between Hindus and Muslims f. Muslims believed Hindus discriminated against them g. Muhammad Ali Jinnah, head of the Muslim League, proposed two states, one of which would be Pakistan B. China's search for order 1. The republic, after 1911 a. 1911 revolution did not establish a stable republic; China fell into warlords' rule
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b. Through unequal treaties, foreign states still controlled economy of China 2. Growth of Chinese nationalism a. Chinese intellectuals expected Paris Peace Conference to end treaty system b. Instead, Paris treaties approved Japanese expansion into China
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CHAPTER 36 - cfw_CHAPTER 36 What gave India the right to...

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