11) MakingLiving08 to post

11) MakingLiving08 to post - -NOMADISM NO PERMANENT...

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CULTURAL EVOLUTIONISM EDWARD TYLOR LEWIS HENRY MORGAN IK UGANDA ADAPTIVE STRATEGIES: ECONOMIC SYSTEMS 1. FORAGING / HUNTING AND GATHERING 2. HORTICULTURE 3. AGRICULTURE 4. PASTORALISM FORAGING: RELIES ON FOOD NATURALLY AVAILABLE GATHERING: • PROVIDES MAJORITY OF FOOD • MORE RELIABLE CORRELATES OF FORAGING: • MOBILITY FLEXIBLE BOUNDARIES • DIVISION OF LABOR BY GENDER • DIVISION OF LABOR BY AGE • EGALITARIANISM (EQUALITY) • FOOD SHARING AND COOPERATION FOOD PRODUCING STRATEGIES HORTICULTURE: PRODUCTION OF PLANTS WITHOUT TECHNOLOGY SLASH-AND-BURN CULTIVATION ROY RAPPAPORT CULTURAL ECOLOGY: INTERACTION OF SPECIFIC CULTURES WITH THEIR ENVIRONMENTS TSEMBAGA NEW GUINEA AGRICULTURE: SAME PIECE OF LAND CULTIVATED PERMANENTLY -PLOWING -DOMESTICATED ANIMALS -IRRIGATION PASTORALISM: HERDS OF DOMESTICATED ANIMALS
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Unformatted text preview: -NOMADISM NO PERMANENT SETTLEMENT-TRANSHUMANCE MEN MOVE WITH HERDS; WOMEN GROW CROPS IN VILLAGES BASSERI IRAN ECONOMY: SYSTEM OF PRODUCTION, DISTRIBUTION, and CONSUMPTION OF GOODS EXCHANGING GOODS AND SERVICES: MARKET EXCHANGE: -MAXIMIZING MATERIAL GAIN-SUPPLY AND DEMAND REDISTRIBUTION: GOODS FLOW TO CENTER FOR DISBURSAL POTLATCH KAPAUKU IRIAN JAYA RECIPROCITY: EXCHANGE BETWEEN SOCIAL EQUALS-CLOSENESS OF TIES-TIMING, IMPORTANCE OF RETURN GENERALIZED RECIPROCITY- ALTRUISTIC, NO EXPECTATION OF RETURN- CLOSE TIES BALANCED RECIPROCITY- RETURN GOODS OF EQUAL VALUE, WITHIN SPECIFIED TIME-MORE SOCIAL DISTANCE NEGATIVE RECIPROCITY- ATTEMPT TO GET SOMETHING FOR NOTHING, OR THE BETTER OF A BARGAIN-OUTSIDERS...
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This note was uploaded on 03/23/2011 for the course ANTH 101 taught by Professor Hollypetersgolden during the Fall '08 term at University of Michigan.

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11) MakingLiving08 to post - -NOMADISM NO PERMANENT...

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