Family Therapy

Family Therapy - Family Systems Therapy James J. Messina,...

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Family Systems Therapy James J. Messina, Ph.D.
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Family Therapists Leaders Alfred Adler-Rudolf Driekurs-open forum Child Guidance Clinics Murray Bowen-Multigenerational Model-Triangulation, Differentiation of Self Virginia Satir-Conjoint Family Therapy-Human Validation, Relational Family Therapy Carl Whitaker-Experiential Symbolic Family Therapy- therapist coach influences change Salvador Minuchin-Structural Family Therapy-create structural change Jay Haley-Strategic Family Therapy-solves problems now Cloe Madanes- Wife Haley-Strategic Family Therapy
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) The Family Systems Perspective Individuals ~ are best understood through assessing the interactions within an entire family Symptoms ~ are viewed as an expression of a dysfunction within a family Problematic behaviors ~ Serve a purpose for the family Are a function of the family’s inability to operate productively Are symptomatic patterns handed down across generations A family ~ is an interactional unit and a change in one member effects all members
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Difference between Systemic & Individual Therapy models Individual Therapist Systemic Therapist Obtain accurate diagnosis DSM IV Explore System for family Begin Therapy right now Invite in parents, siblings Focus: causes, purposes, processes Focus: family relationships Concern with individual Concern transgenerational meanings, rules Intervene to help individual learn to cope Intervene to change context within family system
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Beliefs of Family Therapists Individual’s affiliations & interactions have more power in person’s life than a single therapist could ever hope to have Working with family or community therapists sees how individual acts and serves needs of these systems Seeing individual in active in a systems assists in developing types of interventions needed
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Systemic Perspective Individual may carry a symptom for the entire family Individual’s functioning is a manifestation of way family functions Individual can have symptom existing independent of family structure Symptoms always have ramifications for family members Change the systems and individuals will change Change dysfunctional patterns of relating & create functional ways of interacting & relating
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Adlerian Family Therapy Outline 1. Key Concepts 2. Therapy Goals 3. Therapist’s functions
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Adlerian Family Therapy Key Concepts Adlerians use an educational model to counsel families Emphasis is on family atmosphere and family constellation Therapists function as collaborators who seek to join the family Parent interviews yield hunches about the purposes underlying children’s misbehavior
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Family Atmosphere Unique: conjunction of all the family forces- climate of relationships that exist between people Family is a system & each member exerts influence on every other member Autocratic or permissive common in West Parent role model of how genders relate, how to
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This note was uploaded on 03/23/2011 for the course PSY 554 taught by Professor K during the Spring '11 term at S. Connecticut.

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Family Therapy - Family Systems Therapy James J. Messina,...

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