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Brandman_Student_Test_Bank_HIstory_and_Systems

Brandman_Student_Test_Bank_HIstory_and_Systems - Thorne B.M...

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Thorne, B.M., & Henley, T. B. (2005). Connections in the history and systems of psychology (3rd ed.). New York: Houghton Mifflin. CHAPTER ONE: 1. One of the reasons for taking a course in history is that “Those who do not know history are doomed to repeat it.” Who said this? [A] George Santayana [B] Thomas Kuhn [C] William James [D] E. G. Boring 2. In 1954, Hastorf and Cantril showed students from Dartmouth and Princeton film clips of the football game between the two schools. Their study showed that [A] the injury to the Princeton quarterback was accidental [B] students who viewed the film were objective in their assessments of it [C] Dartmouth players intentionally injured the Princeton quarterback [D] a person’s perspective may alter that person’s perceptions 3. The tendency to analyze the past in terms of the time in which we live is called [A] presentist bias [B] Zeitgeist bias [C] personalistic bias [D] contemporary bias 4. Historian of psychology E. G. Boring got his restricted view of Wilhelm Wundt from [A] E. B. Titchener [B] Wilhelm Wundt himself [C] Thomas Kuhn [D] George Santayana
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5. The idea that discoveries and the people who make them are importantly influenced by the historical context is called the [A] Zeitgeist view of history [B] personalistic view of history [C] paradigm shift view of history [D] presentist view of history 6. The independent discovery of calculus at about the same time by Leibniz and Newton provides evidence for the [A] personalistic theory of history [B] paradigm shift theory of history [C] great person theory of history [D] Zeitgeist theory of history 7. The person who argued persuasively for the Zeitgeist theory of history was [A] E. B. Titchener [B] E. G. Boring [C] John B. Watson [D] Robert I. Watson 8. Charles Darwin was stimulated to publish his theory of evolution by a similar theory devised by [A] John Locke [B] Isaac Newton [C] Wilhelm Wundt [D] Alfred Wallace 9. According to Neisser’s research, we tend to remember information about ourselves in ways that
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[A] support our self-image [B] help us gain advantages over others [C] confirm our altruism [D] support the personalistic view of history 10. Several researchers have traced the term psychology to [A] Wilhelm Wundt [B] Descartes [C] Marcus Marulus [D] Melanchthon 11. The historian of psychology who implemented the first degree program in the history of psychology was [A] G. S. Hall [B] E. G. Boring [C] R. I. Watson [D] E. R. Hilgard 12. Psychology in America: A Historical Survey was written by [A] E. G. Boring [B] G. S. Hall [C] E. R. Hilgard [D] R. I. Watson 13. Cambridge ethologist Nicholas Humphrey believes that consciousness evolved for the capacity to [A] make tools [B] invent language
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[C] discover and use fire [D] do psychology 14. The famous line, “Psychology has a long past, but only a short history,” was written by [A] G. S. Hall [B] E. G. Boring [C] H. Ebbinghaus [D] W. Wundt 15. Psychology’s “short history” referred to its founding as a scientific discipline in the [A] latter part of the 18th century [B] first half of the 19th century [C] latter half of the 19th century [D] first decade of the 20th century 16. Materialism is a form of
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