Spencer - (1820-1903) "Every man is free to do that...

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(1820-1903) http://gerald- massey.org.uk/holyoake/images/herbert_spencer.jpg "Every man is free to do that which he wills, provided he infringes not the equal freedom of any other man."
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Born in Derby, England on April 27, 1820 Father (George) was a teacher Had no formal education George taught him Sciences and Math, but education was weak in other areas George taught Spencer from an
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Father was unkind to his mother 1 Herbert thought of his mother as “simple-minded” 1 Uncle Thomas taught principles of philosophical radicalism 1 Entire family very nonconformist and individualistic
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Worked as civil engineer for railway 1 Found fossils while doing railway work Sparked interest in evolution 1 Eventually quit job to pursue other interests 1 Began to publish articles in the radical press Argued for extreme restrictions on government Against welfare
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Became subeditor with London Economist Laissez-faire beliefs 1 1851- finished 1 st book Social Statics Power should be given to whole society Lays the basis for a limited state 1 During writing he began to experience insomnia, began smoking opium to cope Could only work a few hours a day
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Uncle died and left Spencer money 1 1855- 2 nd book The Principles of Psychology Grounded psychology in evolutionary biology Different parts of the cerebrum subserve different kinds of mental action Very complex 1 Soon after second book, he suffered from a nervous illness
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More works published: The social Organism (1860) First Principles (1862) Principles of Biology (1864-67) The study of sociology (1873) The principles of Ethics - many volumes (1870s) The Principles of Sociology- many volumes (1890s) The Man Versus the State (1884) Autobiography (1904)
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Spencer - (1820-1903) "Every man is free to do that...

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