positivism - perceived thus ALL qualities are...

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Click to edit Master subtitle style 3/24/11
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3/24/11 Comt e Mach Greek s British Empir icists
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3/24/11 Comte’s positivism Influenced by Hume’s attacks on metaphysics Two bona-fide forms of knowledge: empirical and logical, but empirical emphasised Precision, clarity and certainty View world as machine (reflects Descartes) World comprises deterministic laws, regularities; waiting to be
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3/24/11 Locke (continued) H ow does the mind acquire knowledge? Rejected existence of innate ideas Any apparent innateness due to early learning and habit All knowledge is empirically derived: mind as a tabula rasa or blank slate
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George Berkeley (1685 – George Berkeley (1685- 1753) Nothing exists without our perceptions. Q: Why do we all perceive the same thing? A constant observer (God) maintains constant qualities
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3/24/11 George Berkeley (1685 – Agreed with Locke’s asser tion that all knowledge comes from exper ience, but. . Perception is the only reality Primar y qualities do not exist if not
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Unformatted text preview: perceived, thus ALL qualities are 3/24/11 Empiricism’s Legacy • Methods of approach: atomistic, mechanistic, positivistic • Emphases of empiricism – Primar y role of sensation – Analysis of conscious experience into elements – Synthesis of elements through 3/24/11 Empiricism’s Legacy • The theoretical stage is set. – The mind is not mystical and is influenced, or even created, by events in the natural world. – We need someone to provide some experimental support. – This will come from medicine, anatomy, and physiology. (Chapter 3) 3/24/11 British Empiricism • Empiricism : The belief that all knowledge is derived from experience, especially sensory experience (as opposed to nativism). – Knowledge cannot exist until a sensory experience has first been experienced. • In a second sense empirical in science may be synonymous with experimental . In this sense, an empirical result is an -...
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positivism - perceived thus ALL qualities are...

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