positivism - perceived, thus ALL qualities are 3/24/11...

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3/24/11 Comt e Mach Greek s British Empir icists
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3/24/11 Comte’s positivism Influenced by Hume’s attacks on metaphysics Two bona-fide forms of knowledge: empirical and logical, but empirical emphasised Precision, clarity and certainty View world as machine (reflects Descartes) World comprises deterministic laws, regularities; waiting to be
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3/24/11 Locke (continued) H ow does the mind acquire knowledge? Rejected existence of innate ideas Any apparent innateness due to early learning and habit All knowledge is empirically derived: mind as a tabula rasa or blank slate
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George Berkeley (1685 – George Berkeley (1685- 1753) Nothing exists without our perceptions. Q: Why do we all perceive the same thing? A constant observer (God) maintains constant qualities
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3/24/11 George Berkeley (1685 – Agreed with Locke’s asser tion that all knowledge comes from exper ience, but. . Perception is the only reality Primar y qualities do not exist if not
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Unformatted text preview: perceived, thus ALL qualities are 3/24/11 Empiricisms Legacy Methods of approach: atomistic, mechanistic, positivistic Emphases of empiricism Primar y role of sensation Analysis of conscious experience into elements Synthesis of elements through 3/24/11 Empiricisms Legacy The theoretical stage is set. The mind is not mystical and is influenced, or even created, by events in the natural world. We need someone to provide some experimental support. This will come from medicine, anatomy, and physiology. (Chapter 3) 3/24/11 British Empiricism Empiricism : The belief that all knowledge is derived from experience, especially sensory experience (as opposed to nativism). Knowledge cannot exist until a sensory experience has first been experienced. In a second sense empirical in science may be synonymous with experimental . In this sense, an empirical result is an -...
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positivism - perceived, thus ALL qualities are 3/24/11...

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