Chapter_1.History

Chapter_1.History - 1 Chapter 1: Understanding Learners...

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Chapter 1: Understanding Learners 1 C C h h a a p p t t e e r r 1 1 : : U U N N D D E E R R S S T T A A N N D D I I N N G G L L E E A A R R N N E E R R S S Upon completion of this chapter, you should be able to: Define what is learning and cognition Trace the origin of psychology Compare philosophy and psychology in explaining human learning List the branches of psychology Compare the various research methods in psychology Identify the differences between the teacher as theorist and teacher as practioner-researcher Compare the various definition of learning CHAPTER OVERVIEW 1.1 What is Learning? 1.3 History of Psychology The roots of psychology The beginning of modern psychology The birth of psychology 1.6 Why instructors need to understand psychology? Summary Key Terms References This chapter discusses what is learning and cognition and traces the traces the origin of psychology as a discipline. Psychology which has its roots in philosophy plays an important role in explaining how humans learn, think and behave. Even though psychology is among the youngest disciplines in the social sciences, it has contributed much towards understanding human behaviour. However, there is a much we do not know about ourselves and perhaps never will. This is because there is so much variability in our behaviour which depends on our culture, social position, political orientation, up bringing and more recently our genetic make up. Chapter 1: Understanding Learners Chapter 2: Behavioural Learning Theories Chapter 3: Early Cognitive Theories Chapter 4: Information Processing Model Chapter 5: Constructivism and Learning Chapter 6: Metacognition Chapter 7: Thinking and Learning Chapter 8: Understanding Individual Differences Chapter 9: Emotion and Learning Chapter 10: Learning and Handling Text
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Chapter 1: Understanding Learners 2 1.1 WHAT IS LEARNING? The moment a human is born he or she is learning until death. Human are learning machines who are continuously learning all sorts of things such as learning the alphabet, learning to dance, learning a foreign language or trying to remember someone‟s name. If you were to ask someone What is learning? you are likely to get different replies. Saljo (1979) asked a number of university students what they understood by „learning‟. There were so many different responses and he classified them into the following five categories: 1. Learning as a quantitative increase in knowledge „knowing a lot‟ 2. Learning is memorising; storing information that can be reproduced. 3. Learning is acquiring facts, skills and methods that is retained and used when necessary. 4. Learning is making sense or extracting meaning; involves relating parts of subject matter to each other and to the real world. 5.
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Chapter_1.History - 1 Chapter 1: Understanding Learners...

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