Chapter11Functionalism

Chapter11Functionalism - Functionalism Chapter 11 Click to...

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Click to edit Master subtitle style Functionalism Chapter 11
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Columbia University Harvard University University of Chicago Clark University Johns Hopkins University
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Early U.S. Psychology ¢ In his 1929 APA Presidential Address, James McKeen Cattell described the history of psychology before the 1880s “ would be as short as a book on snakes in Ireland since the time of St. Patrick. Insofar as psychologists are concerned, America was then like heaven, for there was not a damned soul .” ¢ Assumed psychology = Experimental Psychology l However, experimental psychology grew out of nonexperimental psychology
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Early U.S. Psychology Stage One: Moral and Mental Philosophy (1640-1776) ¢ Psychology concerned matters of the soul ¢ Psychology was combined with religious indoctrination. ¢ Psychology included ethics, divinity and philosophy ¢ Samuel Johnson, first president of Columbia University, took Locke’s ideas and wrote a book containing such topics as child psychology, introspection, the nature of knowledge, etc.
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Early U.S. Psychology Stage Two: Intellectual Philosophy (1776- 1886) ¢ Psychology influenced by the Scottish Common Sense Philosophers (Thomas Reid) ¢ The existence of God need not be proved because one’s personal feelings could be trusted. ¢ U.S. Psychology textbook written by Noah Porter, The Human Intellect: With an Introduction upon Psychology and the Soul (1868) l Psychology is the science of the human soul
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Early U.S. Psychology Stage Three: The U.S. Renaissance (1886-1896) ¢ Psychology completely emancipated from religion and philosophy and became an empirical science. ¢ American Journal of Psychology began publishing 1887 ¢ James’ Principles of Psychology (1890) ¢ Psychology that was adaptable with evolutionary thinking. l People adapt to their environments
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Early U.S. Psychology Stage Four: U.S. Functionalism (1896- Present) ¢ Functionalism : Under the influence of Darwin, the school of functionalism stressed the role of consciousness and behavior in adapting to the environment. l An interest in the function of the mind rather than its contents. l Combined science, concern for practicality, emphasis on the individual, and evolutionary theory.
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Characteristics of Functionalistic Psychology ¢ Opposed search for elements of consciousness ¢ Function of mind (“is for”), not static description (“is”) ¢ Psychology practical science, not pure science ¢ Research on animals, children, and abnormals ¢ Needs (motivation) need to be understood before behavior could be understood ¢ Mental processes and behavior were interesting ¢ Differences more interesting than similarities ¢ All influenced by Darwin
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William James ¢ Born in NYC (1842) ¢ Brother Henry James was famous novelist. ¢ Attended school in Switzerland, France,
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Chapter11Functionalism - Functionalism Chapter 11 Click to...

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