Chapter7RomanticismandExistentialism

Chapter7RomanticismandExistentialism - Romanticism and...

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Click to edit Master subtitle style Romanticism and Existentialism Chapter 7
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Enlightenment ¢ Enlightenment ( The Age of Reason ): A period during which Western philosophy embraced the belief that unbiased reason or the objective methods of science could reveal the principles governing the universe. Once discovered these principles could be used for the betterment of humankind.
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Romanticism ¢ Romanticism : The philosophy that stresses the uniqueness of each person and that values irrationality much more than rationality. According to the romantics, people can and should trust their own natural impulses.
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Resolution of Conflict : Control of “animal” or irrational urges. Somehow, we must resolve the emotional difficulties of being human. Self-actualization : Movement toward self fulfillment, happiness, morality, or toward the “good life.” Unconscious Processes : We aren’t always aware of our urges and sometimes even repress them Ideas Emphasized by the Romantics
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Romanticism Jean-Jacques Rousseau ¢ Born in Geneva and abandoned at age 10 ¢ Converted to Catholicism in order to receive free food and lodging. ¢ Sexually “busy”: exhibitionist, affair with MUCH older woman, had long relationship with an illiterate maid (to make himself feel smarter!), had five children that were sent to orphanage, remained a womanizer through life. ¢ Died in poverty, perhaps a suicide.
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Romanticism Jean-Jacques Rousseau Feelings versus reason ¢ The Social Contract (1762) l Man is born free and yet we see him everywhere in chains l There was a faulty assumption floating around that humans need to be governed (thank you very much Thomas Hobbes!) l The only justifiable government was one that allowed humans to reach their full potential (does this sound familiar?).
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Romanticism Jean-Jacques Rousseau The Noble Savage ¢ Noble Savage : Rousseau's term for a human not contaminated by society. Such a person, he believed, would live in accordance with his or her true feelings, would not be selfish, and would live harmoniously with other humans. ¢ Humans are by nature social animals that wish to live in harmony with other humans.
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Jean-Jacques Rousseau The General Will ¢ Rousseau pondered how humans could be governed and still remain as free as possible. ¢ Each individual has a tendency to be selfish (private will) and a tendency to act in ways beneficial to the community (general will). ¢ General Will
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This note was uploaded on 03/23/2011 for the course PSY 502 taught by Professor S during the Spring '11 term at S. Connecticut.

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Chapter7RomanticismandExistentialism - Romanticism and...

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