{[ promptMessage ]}

Bookmark it

{[ promptMessage ]}

Chapter7RomanticismandExistentialism

Chapter7RomanticismandExistentialism - Romanticism and...

Info icon This preview shows pages 1–10. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Click to edit Master subtitle style Romanticism and Existentialism Chapter 7
Image of page 1

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Image of page 2
Enlightenment ¢ Enlightenment ( The Age of Reason ): A period during which Western philosophy embraced the belief that unbiased reason or the objective methods of science could reveal the principles governing the universe. Once discovered these principles could be used for the betterment of humankind.
Image of page 3

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Romanticism ¢ Romanticism : The philosophy that stresses the uniqueness of each person and that values irrationality much more than rationality. According to the romantics, people can and should trust their own natural impulses.
Image of page 4
Resolution of Conflict : Control of “animal” or irrational urges. Somehow, we must resolve the emotional difficulties of being human. Self-actualization : Movement toward self fulfillment, happiness, morality, or toward the “good life.” Unconscious Processes : We aren’t always aware of our urges and sometimes even repress them Ideas Emphasized by the Romantics
Image of page 5

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Romanticism Jean-Jacques Rousseau ¢ Born in Geneva and abandoned at age 10 ¢ Converted to Catholicism in order to receive free food and lodging. ¢ Sexually “busy”: exhibitionist, affair with MUCH older woman, had long relationship with an illiterate maid (to make himself feel smarter!), had five children that were sent to orphanage, remained a womanizer through life. ¢ Died in poverty, perhaps a suicide.
Image of page 6
Romanticism Jean-Jacques Rousseau Feelings versus reason ¢ The Social Contract (1762) l Man is born free and yet we see him everywhere in chains l There was a faulty assumption floating around that humans need to be governed (thank you very much Thomas Hobbes!) l The only justifiable government was one that allowed humans to reach their full potential (does this sound familiar?).
Image of page 7

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Romanticism Jean-Jacques Rousseau The Noble Savage ¢ Noble Savage : Rousseau's term for a human not contaminated by society. Such a person, he believed, would live in accordance with his or her true feelings, would not be selfish, and would live harmoniously with other humans. ¢ Humans are by nature social animals that wish to live in harmony with other humans.
Image of page 8
Romanticism Jean-Jacques Rousseau The General Will ¢ Rousseau pondered how humans could be governed and still remain as free as possible. ¢ Each individual has a tendency to be selfish (private will) and a tendency to act in ways beneficial to the community (general will).
Image of page 9

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Image of page 10
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern