Recovered File 1 - 3/24/11 An Inclusive Preschool Program...

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Unformatted text preview: 3/24/11 An Inclusive Preschool Program Target audience: Board of Education 1. Review relevant literature 2. Theoretical foundations 3. Patterns of development 4. Themes of development 3/24/11 Developmental intergroup theory (Bigler and Liben, Developmental Intergroup Theory (DIT) is a social-cognitive theory that attempts to explain the development of stereotypes and prejudice in children on the basis of a combination of four factors: 1. Perceptual Discriminability- perceptually salient attributes that stand out in relation to other characteristics tend to 3/24/11 DIT The relevance of these four factors can be clearly identified in regards to children with ASDs and make them especially vulnerable to being stereotyped. Specifically: 1. Perceptual Discriminability- Although physically visible differences may be minimal, differences in behavior can be apparent. 2. Segregation- Students with ASDs are typically educated self-contained classrooms for the majority of the school day and spend minimal time in general education classrooms with their peers. 3. Explicit Labeling- Students with disabilities are explicitly labeled. 3/24/11 Killen (2007) Killen (2007) examines the research pertaining to how children reason about the morality of excluding another child based on that childs group membership and in her article she cites that using stereotypic expectations can be suppressed as a reason for deciding to exclude a particular child if children experience 3/24/11 Martin and Ruble (2004) Cognitive perspectives posit that in order to understand the social world children actively seek cues from their environment and in the case of In an inclusive educational setting children without disabilities observe adult models interact with children 3/24/11 Social Competency and ASD Research summarized by Rogers (2000) and others indicate an important shift in the field of ASD, from an emphasis on adult-directed instructional strategies, to peer-mediated interventions. Numerous studies have demonstrated the effectiveness of peer- mediated strategies to facilitate social interactions in students with ASD. 3/24/11 Key Theorists { 3 4 3 9 1 E 8 -C F 3 0 -4 7 4 B -A 1 D 6 -6 B A 7 5 F 5 1 F 5 0 2 } Piaget { E 4 2 E 0 1 3 9 -6 8 5 A -7 B 4 6 -9 F 6 D -4 B 1 5 9 B 9 0 B 0 D } Active { 3 0 D 4 1 2 7 -6 2 D F -4 E 4 6 -B 5 E 5 -9 F 9 A B A 1 5 8 6 5 1 } Vygotsky { 5 1 8 F B C F -5 3 0 B -6 A 4 9 -A 6 3 4 -B 4 D 3 1 C 1 6 D E 5 6 } Scaffolding { 5 E 5 D 6 1 -2 0 4-B 2 4 D -A 1 6-B A C C D F 7 E 9 A } Bandura ational Learning { 7 1 5 A 3 E 6-8 3 F 4 -D 7 4 B -9 1 4 F -F 2 4 2 A 0 E 8 F 2 8 A } Bonfenbrenner ems approach ximal Development Play { E 1 9 2 E 1 4-3 E 4 B -8 B 4 F -9 C 3 9 -8 E F 6 C 3 2 9 6 9 D } Egocentrism 3/24/11 Importance of Peers Piaget Vygotsky Bandura Asserted that interacting with peers and not adults is crucial to overcoming egocentricism....
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Recovered File 1 - 3/24/11 An Inclusive Preschool Program...

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