3.17.2011- English Reformation

3.17.2011- English Reformation - I ngrid Shih REL 1350-29...

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Ingrid Shih REL 1350-29 17 March 2011 English Reformation to Puritans to American Revivalism Henry VIII ( 1491-1547) Defender of Faith o Married his brother’s widow, Catherine of Aragon, Spanish royalty o Became king, 1509, strong supporter of pope who validated his marriage o Wrote Assertion of the Seven Sacraments , 1521, against Martin Luther o Pope gave Henry VIII the title, “Defender of the Faith” Royal Supremacy o Henry’s personal ambition a key factor o Context for break with Rome was Henry’s married life; he wanted a male heir o Wanted to divorce Catherine (no male heir), for Ann Boleyn (1526) o Thomas Cranmer was sympathetic to Henry’s desire for annulment 1533, Thomas Cranmer made Archbishop of Canterbury Does it without papal approval Henry and Cranmer excommunicated o Act of Supremacy, 1534 confirmed as “supreme head” of Church of England Church of England is established o King is the Supreme Head of Church o Theology is still largely Catholic (unlike other reformers) o Cranmer writes Book of Common Prayer (1549) Focus on uniformity worship Anglican church Church of England/Anglicans Mary Tudor (Reigns 1553-58) o Return to Catholicism Because of her mother
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Ingrid Shih REL 1350-29 17 March 2011 But also personal justification because she was thought to be illegitimate o o Her Reign of Terror: about 300, including Cranmer, beheaded o Marian exiles (Calvinism) Goes to Switzerland Vocal Protestant Reformers Elizabeth I o Daughter of Anne Boleyn o Sought a “via media – Middle Way” between Protestantism and Catholocism o Catholic: Emphasis on Eucharist Apostolic succession Episcopal polity o Protestant: Reject pop transubstantiation Reformed doctrine Clergy marry o Focus on uniformity of worship use the Book of Common Prayer that Cranmer wrote
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3.17.2011- English Reformation - I ngrid Shih REL 1350-29...

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