2.17.2011- Medieval Scholasticism

2.17.2011- Medieval Scholasticism - I ngrid Shih REL...

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Ingrid Shih REL 1350-29 17 February 2011 Medieval Scholasticism Definition The theology and philosophy of the universities of the Middle Ages The application of reason to revelation/faith o A rediscovery of Aristotle (especially seen in Aquinas) Learn through the senses: touch, hear, etc o focus on reason as route to theological knowledge Issues o Relationship of Faith and Reason o How these work for: Proofs of God’s Existence By the use of Aristotle’s methods: senses The Bible never teaches you that God exists it just assumes Meaning of the Cross of Christ (Atonement) Anselm of Canterbury (1033-1109) Faith Precedes and Assists Reason o Primacy of faith o Faith in search of understanding o I believe so that I may understand Ontological Argument for Existence of God o Proslogion o There is a being which none greater can be conceived. o Being in reality is greater than Being in thought o If this Being is in the understanding alone, then a greater can be conceived, which is a contradiction. o Therefore, God exists is reality. o Gaunilo objected—I can think of a perfect island but that does not mean it exists. o The objection is valid except in the case of God! Satisfaction Theory of Atonement o Cur Deus Homo (Why God Became Man)
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Ingrid Shih REL 1350-29 17 February 2011 o Theories explaining how Jesus Christ’s suffering, death and resurrection reconcile human beings with God
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2.17.2011- Medieval Scholasticism - I ngrid Shih REL...

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