ps1473 - PovertyandExclusion...

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Poverty and Exclusion From Basic Needs to the Millennium Development Goals O’Connor observes “poverty is a condition while development is a process or set of  processes. Moreover, while ‘development’  is contested and there is  intense debate about whether it should be however it is defined, few  view poverty as something to be and preserved.” Millennium Development Goals Agreed upon by all members of the UN which seeks to…  o 1. Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger by 2015 o 2. Achieve universal primary education  o 3. Eliminate gender discrimination in all levels of education o 4. Reduce child mortality o 5. Improve maternal health o 6. Halt and reverse the spread of HIV/AIDS, malaria, and other  major diseases.  o 7. Pursue of environmental sustainability o 8. Develop a global partnership for development International Aid Regime Neo-liberal Orthodoxy Why Be Concerned About Poverty Reduction Paul Streeten offers four reasons for why to combat poverty…  o 1. Poverty reduction can be a means of achieving higher  productivity by contributing to a ‘well nourished, healthy educated,  skilled and alert labor force’. o 2. It would lower fertility rates
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o 3. It is good for the physical environment o 4. It can contribute to a healthy civil society, democracy, and greater  social stability, at least in the long run Gross inequalities can contribute to social conflict and possibly to a  civil war. Leszek Balcerowicz, former head of the Bank of Poland o  Suggests Cold War and period of Colonialization had much to do  with poverty around the world The International Aid Regime and Poverty Reduction: A Brief History Economic Growth and ‘Trickle Down’ Official Development Assistance  o Geopolitical and commercial objectives that centered on relieving  poverty during the end of WWII and shadow of the Cold War Simon Kuzenet  o Optimistic that poverty would decline in the wake of economic  growth o Initially as agricultural societies moved into industrialization  inequality would increase but as the entire population moved to  industrialization inequality would decline Known as the ‘trickle down’ effect Rondinelli’s paradigm of getting states out of poverty post WWII o 1. All societies could modernize and grow economically in a  sequence of historically verified stages that had occurred in the 
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This note was uploaded on 03/23/2011 for the course POL S 147 taught by Professor Reyes during the Winter '11 term at UCSB.

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ps1473 - PovertyandExclusion...

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