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Psychology Notes Lecture 7

Psychology Notes Lecture 7 - Learning gives us the ability...

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Learning gives us the ability to adapt to changing environments. Evolution shapes our ability to learn. Associated learning: the cat knows when the alarm goes off in the morning it means it will get food. Classical Conditioning: When the cat simply receives the food. The alarm clock is a signal. Operant Conditioning: The cat must do something in order to get the food, such as yell. A rewarding consequence. Classical and Operant Condition are both associative learning. Pavlov discovered classical conditioning because the dog would salivate when the scientist entered the room because it knew that food would come. Unconditioned stimuli requires no learning. Food naturally causes animals to salivate. A bell on the other hand, must be learned to associate with food. The dog can learn to make an association. Bell=>Food=>Salivation. When the bell was rung, but no food had appeared, the dog would salivate anyway. That was a conditioned response when the bell alone can make him salivate.
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