Study Guide Exam 3

Study Guide Exam 3 - 1) Taking the Late Train- An interest...

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1) Taking the Late Train- An interest group strategy for gaining access to future officeholders that can involve donating money to the winning candidate after an election in hope of securing a meeting with that person when he or she takes office 2) Trade Association- An interest group composed of companies in the same business or industry that lobbies for policies that will benefit members of the group 3) Astroturf Lobbying- Any lobbing method initiated by an interest group that is designed to look like the spontaneous, independent participation of many individuals 4) Centralized Groups- interest groups that have a headquarters, usually in Washington, DC, as well as members and field offices throughout the country 5) Citizen Groups- A type of interest group that seeks changes in spending, regulations, or government programs concerning a wide range of policies 6) Coercion- A method of eliminating nonparticipation or free riding by potential group members by requiring participation, as many labor unions 7) Confederations- Interest groups made up of several independent, local organizations that provide much of their funding and hold most of the power 8) Direct Lobbying- Attempts by interest group staff to influence policy by speaking with elected officials or bureaucrats 9) Economic Groups- A type of interest group that seeks public policies that will provide monetary benefits to its members 10) 501c Organizations- A tax code classification that applies to most interest groups; this designation makes donations to the group tax- deductible but limits the group’s political activities 11) 527 Organizations- Tax- exempt groups formed primarily to influence election through voter mobilization efforts and issue ads that do not directly endorse or oppose a candidate. 12) Free Riding- The practice of relying on others to contribute to a collective effort, while failing to participate on one’s own behalf and still benefiting from the group’s successes 13) Grassroots Lobbying- A lobbying strategy that relies on participation by group members, such as a protest or a letter writing campaign 14) Initiative- A direct vote by citizens on a policy change proposed by fellow citizens or organized groups outside government 15) Inside Strategies- Tactics used by interest groups within Washington DC, to achieve their policy goals 16) Interest Group Entrepreneurs- The leaders of an interest group who define the group’s mission and its goals and create a plan to achieve them 17) Interest Group State- A government in which most policy decisions are determined by the influence of interest groups 18) Interest Groups- Organizations of people who share common political interests and aim to influence public policy by electioneering and lobbying 19) K Street- A shorthand term for Washington lobbyists, derived from the name of the street in Washing DC, where lobbying films were once concentrated 20) Latent- A term describing a group of politically like-minded people that is not represented by any interest
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This note was uploaded on 03/23/2011 for the course POLS 1300 taught by Professor Newton during the Spring '11 term at Texas Tech.

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Study Guide Exam 3 - 1) Taking the Late Train- An interest...

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