Lecture 4 - Lecture 4 1/26/11 Quick summary Health...

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Lecture 4 1/26/11 Quick summary Health situation in 16 th and 17 th century Europe Crummy still at end of 17 th Mortality had stabilized though Improvements that helped this stabilization involved the initiatives of national or imperial gov’t Quarantine measures helped stop spread of diseases Famine control, better provisions during famines swamp drainage and replacement with arable land Changes in warfare: land based to naval Medical profession Showed themselves to be ineffectual with dealing with major epidemic diseases Wasn’t considered very successful in population medicine or individual medicine either “Practical experience shows that medical remedies used by doctors are either useless or noxious” -1657, Cardinal something Some remedies Cinchona (Peruvian bark) Active ingredient was quinine Effective against malaria Mercury Used against venereal disease, especially syphilis Used up into the 20 th century Lemon and orange juice Used against scurvy Common theme of all these remedies is that there were all discovered by trial and error This is how the most effective remedies were found in the 16 th and 17 th century The ideas used by the elite, highly trained doctors were still the same ideas that were used 2000 years ago in the Hippocratic Ideals
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This note was uploaded on 03/23/2011 for the course HIS 208 taught by Professor Brown during the Spring '11 term at Rochester.

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Lecture 4 - Lecture 4 1/26/11 Quick summary Health...

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