infchi psych - chapter 1 notes

infchi psych - chapter 1 notes - Chapter 1 Notes An...

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Chapter 1 Notes An Introduction to Child Development Enduring Themes in Child Development (1) Nature and Nurture: How do Nature and Nurture Together Shape Development? Nature – our biological endowment; the genes we receive from our parents Nurture – the environments, both physical and social, that influence our development (2) The Active Child: How Do Children Shape Their Own Development? (3) Continuity/Discontinuity: In What Ways Is Development Continuous, and in What Ways Is It Discontinuous? Continuous development – the idea that changes with age occur gradually, in small increments, like that of a pine tree growing taller and taller Discontinuous development – the idea that changes with age include occasional large shifts, like the transition from caterpillar to cocoon to butterfly Stage theories – approaches that propose that development involves a series of discontinuous, age-related phases Cognitive development – the development of thinking and reasoning (4) Mechanisms of Developmental Change: How Does Change Occur? Variation – differences in thought and behavior within and among individuals Selection – the more frequent survival and reproduction of organisms that are well adapted to their environment Synapses – provide the connections among brain cells that allow them to transmit information to one another (5) The Sociocultural Context: How Does the Sociocultural Context Influence Development?
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This note was uploaded on 03/23/2011 for the course PSYCH 331 taught by Professor Carpenter during the Fall '07 term at Rutgers.

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infchi psych - chapter 1 notes - Chapter 1 Notes An...

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