infchi psych - chapter 4 notes

infchi psych - chapter 4 notes - Chapter 4 Notes Theories...

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Theories of Cognitive Development Central Developmental Issues Nature and Nurture Adaptation – the tendency to respond to the demands of the environment in ways that meet one’s goals Organization – the tendency to integrate particular observations into coherent knowledge Sources of Continuity Assimilation – the process by which people translate incoming information into a form that they can understand Accommodation – the process by which people adapt current knowledge structures in response to new experiences Equilibrium – the process by which children (or other people) balance assimilation and accommodation to create stable understanding Sources of Discontinuity Sensorimotor stage – the period (birth to 2 years) within Piaget’s theory in which intelligence is expressed through sensory and motor abilities Preoperational stage – the period (2 to 7 years) within Piaget’s theory in which children become able to represent their experiences in language, mental imagery, and symbolic thought Concrete operational stage – the period (7 to 12 years) within Piaget’s theory in which children become able to reason logically about concrete objects and events Formal operational stage – the period (12 years and beyond) within Piaget’s theory in which people become able to think about abstractions and hypothetical situations The Sensorimotor Stage (Birth To 2 Years) Substage 3 (4 to 8 Months) Object permanence – the knowledge that objects continue to exist even when they are out of view Substage 4 (8 to 12 Months) A-Not-B error – the tendency to reach where objects have been found before, rather than where they were last hidden Substage 6 (18 to 24 Months) Deferred imitation – the repetition of other people’s behavior a substantial time after it originally occurred
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This note was uploaded on 03/23/2011 for the course PSYCH 331 taught by Professor Carpenter during the Fall '07 term at Rutgers.

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infchi psych - chapter 4 notes - Chapter 4 Notes Theories...

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