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Chapter 1

Chapter 1 - o Arrangement in which white farmers allowed...

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Chapter 1- Black Americans at the turn of the Century  1. Reconstruction Era Interval between the birth of Jazz and the first recording is known as the PREHISTORY  of the music Black codes o Limited ownership of property o Exclusion from certain professions o Forbade interracial marriage  o Prohibited the use of firearms by blacks 2. Racial violence Lynch Law- Named after Charles Lynch o Tortuous execution of blacks 3. The Segregationist movement Jim Crow Laws o Segregated blacks in public 4. Black Political Leaders Booker T Washington 1856-1915 o Influential black leader o Former slave o President of the Tuskegee Insitute o Urged blacks to strive for economic independence  W.E.B. Du Bois 1868-1963
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o Viewed segregation as inherently unjust  o Wrote “The souls of Black Folk” o Cofounded the NAACP in 1909 5. Rank and File Share-cropping
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Unformatted text preview: o Arrangement in which white farmers allowed blacks to work a portion of land in return for a share of the annual crop • Fisk Jubilee Singers o Began international tour in 1871 o Composed of freed slaves o Played many classical numbers 6. The Entertainment Industry • Minstrelsy o Showed that featured white entertainers impersonating African Americans o Joking, singing, playing banjo, fiddle, and percussion instruments o Stock characters included Jim Crow • Vaudeville o Originated from minstrelsy o From 1890 to 1930s o Songs, dances, jokes, juggling, etc o Much like a circus • Bert Williams o Greatest star of black vaudeville o Played a slow witted negro in ragged clothes always looking for get rich quick schemes Starred in Zeigfeld’s Follies...
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