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H23 - Establishment of the empire Marc Antony 1 Caesar had...

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Establishment of the empire Marc Antony 1. Caesar had a close friend and a capable successor in Marc Antony. 2. When Antony was elected Consul, another of Caesar’s lieutenants, Marcus Aemilius Lepidus, became the Master of the Horse. 3. Since the “liberators”, as the assassins called themselves, did not move to secure the government and since Lepidus had a legion of troops near the city, the two quickly controlled the situation. Changes in Rome 1. Being realists, Antony and Lepidus came to an accommodation with the leading senators. 2. Antony seized Caesar’s money and papers. 3. He demanded that all Caesar’s acts both accomplished and projected were to stand. 4. In return, amnesty was given the conspirators. The Conspirators 1. The chief assassins nevertheless found themselves so unpopular with the people that they left Rome, many seeking the position of governor of provinces. 2. The two leaders, Gaius Longinus and Marcus Brutus seized Syria and Macedonia
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respectively. Octavian 1. At that time Caesar’s eighteen-year-old grandnephew and chief heir, Octavian(63BCE to 14CE) arrived in Rome with a desire to avenge Caesar. 2. Everyone expected Antony to be named to the leadership of Rome, but Caesar named Gaius Octavian as his heir in his will. 3. On his arrival in Rome Antony refused to give Octavian Caesar’s money claiming it was now state funds. 4. To everyone’s surprise the inexperienced youth formed an army and began seizing control of Rome. Understanding the Name 1. Octavius (Refers to Octavian’s birth name) 2. Octavianus (Refers to Octavian’s adopted name) 3. Octavian (Refers to the shortened version of his adopted name) 4. Augustus (The name given to him after he established himself as the ruler of Rome) Conflict in Northern Italy 1.
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