HIST 6 - The middle and new k ingdom The fi rst inte...

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The middle and new kingdom The first intermediate period -this was a period of government anarchy -there was no central government -elsewhere, such a period is called a “Dark Age” The middle kingdom -by 2050 BCE, Egypt’s central government regained control -the middle kingdom period 2050 to 1785 BCE The middle kingdom -the capital was established at Thebes -many public works were accomplished such as irrigation systems, canals, and the control of Nile Flooding. -Pharaohs preserved some of the most incredible papyri -no major pyramids were built Mummification -once the king or queen died, it took 70 days to prepare the body for burial -the word Mummy is not Egyptian but Persian, meaning bitumen or tar. Canopic jars -Internal organs were removed and placed in Canopic Jars -the heart was left in the body -After 1000 BCE the brains were drawn put through the nose Dehydration -the king’s body was then dehydrated using Natron, a natural salt of the Egyptian desert -Common people were dehydrated by the heat of the desert sands.
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The second intermediate period -between 1786 and 1560 BCE, Egypt again fell into a period of weak government -the Hyksos conquered northern Egypt through use of fast chariots. The Hyksos and Hebrews
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HIST 6 - The middle and new k ingdom The fi rst inte...

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