Module1_(African_Political_History) - Module1 African...

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Module1 : African Political History Introduction : The African Heritage (on “Being Black”) The Pre-Colonial African Traditional Society The Age of Discoveries (from 1400) The Traditional Society Lost (Causes and Effects) (To be studied in Combination with Gordon & Gordon; Chapter 1-4) The African Heritage: “Being Black” Some contemporary writers and contributors on African history and politics have tended, in a standard way, to draw attention to the peculiar circumstances of the continent and its diverse peoples. These circumstances relate to the realization that Africans as a people have disproportionately faced the historical burdens of enslavement, oppression, exploitation, misuse and abuse. Other writers have pointed to the fact that some Africans have been forced to remain artificially “backward”; that their shortcomings have been grotesquely exaggerated sometimes in order to provide food for ridicule, hatred and worse. Understandably, modern African politicians, black intellectuals and activists scattered around the globe and conscious of this historical image of the black person, have always felt an obligation to be defensive analytically, among other things, in matters affecting the black race and developmental trends on the continent. Those with a rather more radical orientation have sought occasionally to deploy vitriolic styles of writing, music and other artistic forms to redress the perceived historical atrocities perpetrated against people of African descent. In all such cases, the underlying tone of the various approaches has been advanced by some enlightened observers as an obligation owed to the black race, and something to be addressed without bias and with honest convictions as a form of education. Even today, it is an undeniable fact that most black populations of the world live in abject poverty. Great deals of them sometimes have to toil much harder than people of other races in order to achieve relative 1
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prosperity. Also, continuous irregularities and abuses against the African continent and its inhabitants by external forces are very well documented. In the past few decades, several representatives of unscrupulous European companies have been accused of having traveled to Africa, bribed native rulers and corrupt politicians in order to enable them to dump chemicals and toxic wastes that are all items otherwise prohibited in Europe. Some of those materials - discarded in highly populated areas and the backyards of predominantly poor, illiterate, and unsuspecting village communities - have resulted in several tragedies to date. The latest episode occurred in 2006 in the West African country of the Ivory Coast: Almost all such toxic materials are prone to sudden violent reactions when contaminated and require special handling and elaborate safety precautions. Most African countries are, however, the last places to be in possession of
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Module1_(African_Political_History) - Module1 African...

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