Shakespeare

Shakespeare - Genre: a category or class into which...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–4. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Genre: a category or class into which literary works are grouped based on their similarities Genres = drama, poetry, prose (Sub)genres = mystery, love story, gothic horror, sci-fi, etc… Genres identified in the “First Folio”: comedy, history, and tragedy Shakespeare’s Sonnets Probably written between 1593 and 1603 Published in 1609 The speaker, or voice, of the sonnets is an old man The focus of sonnets 1-126 is an attractive young man The focus of sonnets 127-154 is an older “dark lady” A line of poetry is made up of a certain number of syllables A sentence has a subject and a verb. It makes grammatical sense, and it ends in a period, question mark, or exclamation point A sonnet has 14 lines, but can have a various amount of sentences “end-stop” means the sentence ending is coterminous (having the same boundaries) with the end of the line. The line will end at a natural place to pause. “enjambment” is where the meaning and grammar of a sentence pulls the reader from one line to the next lines of poetry are divided into “feet” o a foot is just a group of syllables o Monometer 1 Foot (2 syllables) o Dimeter 2 Feet (4 syllables) o Trimeter 3 Feet (6 syllables) o Tetrameter 4 Feet (8 syllables) o Pentameter 5 Feet (10 syllables)
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
o Hexameter 6 Feet (12 syllables) o Heptameter 7 Feet (14 syllables) Different patterns of stress: o Iamb (iambic): unstressed STRESSED o Trochee (trochaic): STRESSED unstressed o Spondee (spondaic): STRESSED STRESSED o Pyrrhus (pyrrhic): unstressed unstressed Sonnets have a rhyme scheme – A B A B C D C D E F E F GG – three “quatrains” and one “couplet” Rhymed verse has meter and rhyme scheme Blank verse has meter but no rhyme scheme Free verse does not follow regular metrical rules Prose is anything that isn’t verse Metaphors describe one thing in terms of another. Metaphors have two parts. The “ tenor ” is what is actually being described, and the “ vehicle ” is the language being used to describe the tenor. A simile is a metaphor that uses an overt comparative (normally “like” or “as”) Volta: a major turning point in a sonnet Biography Shakespeare’s life On April 26, 1564, John Shakespeare and Mary Arden baptized their son, William On April 23, 1616, William Shakespeare died in Stratford-upon- Avon 1582 – Shakespeare (who is 18) marries Anne Hathaway (who is 26) in November 1583 – daughter Susanna is born in May
Background image of page 2
1585 – twins Hamnet and Judith are born Shakespeare goes to London, writes early comedies, tragedies, and histories. By 1592, he’s popular enough to be made fun of in Green’s Groatsworth of Wit 1592-1594 – plague closes the playhouses 1594 – Shakespeare is a member of the Lord Chamberlain’s Men 1596 – Shakespeare buys his father a coat of arms. Hamnet dies. 1597 – buys New Place, the second largest house in Stratford
Background image of page 3

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 4
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 03/24/2011 for the course ENG 321 taught by Professor Ryner during the Fall '10 term at ASU.

Page1 / 17

Shakespeare - Genre: a category or class into which...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 4. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online