Shakespeare - Genre a category or class into which literary works are grouped based on their similarities Genres = drama poetry prose(Sub)genres =

Shakespeare - Genre a category or class into which literary...

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Genre: a category or class into which literary works are grouped based on their similaritiesGenres = drama, poetry, prose(Sub)genres = mystery, love story, gothic horror, sci-fi, etc…Genres identified in the “First Folio”: comedy, history, and tragedyShakespeare’s SonnetsProbably written between 1593 and 1603Published in 1609The speaker, or voice, of the sonnets is an old manThe focus of sonnets 1-126 is an attractive young manThe focus of sonnets 127-154 is an older “dark lady”A lineof poetry is made up of a certain number of syllablesA sentencehas a subject and a verb. It makes grammatical sense, and it ends in a period, question mark, or exclamation pointA sonnet has 14 lines, but can have a various amount of sentences“end-stop” means the sentence ending is coterminous (having the same boundaries) with the end of the line. The line will end at a natural place to pause.“enjambment” is where the meaning and grammar of a sentence pulls the reader from one line to the nextlines of poetry are divided into “feet”oa foot is just a group of syllablesoMonometer1 Foot (2 syllables)oDimeter2 Feet (4 syllables)oTrimeter3 Feet (6 syllables)oTetrameter4 Feet (8 syllables)oPentameter5 Feet (10 syllables)
oHexameter 6 Feet (12 syllables)oHeptameter7 Feet (14 syllables)Different patterns of stress:oIamb (iambic): unstressed STRESSEDoTrochee (trochaic): STRESSED unstressedoSpondee (spondaic): STRESSED STRESSEDoPyrrhus (pyrrhic): unstressed unstressedSonnets have a rhyme scheme – A B A B C D C D E F E F GG – three “quatrains” and one “couplet”Rhymed verse has meter and rhyme schemeBlank verse has meter but no rhyme schemeFree verse does not follow regular metrical rulesProse is anything that isn’t verseMetaphorsdescribe one thing in terms of another.Metaphors have two parts. The “tenor” is what is actually being described, and the “vehicle” is the language being used to describe the tenor.A simileis a metaphor that uses an overt comparative (normally “like” or “as”)Volta: a major turning point in a sonnetBiography Shakespeare’s lifeOn April 26, 1564, John Shakespeare and Mary Arden baptized their son, WilliamOn April 23, 1616, William Shakespeare died in Stratford-upon-Avon1582 – Shakespeare (who is 18) marries Anne Hathaway (who is 26) in November1583 – daughter Susanna is born in May
1585 – twins Hamnet and Judith are bornShakespeare goes to London, writes early comedies, tragedies, and histories. By 1592, he’s popular enough to be made fun of in Green’s Groatsworth of Wit1592-1594 – plague closes the playhouses1594 – Shakespeare is a member of the Lord Chamberlain’s Men1596 – Shakespeare buys his father a coat of arms. Hamnet dies.

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