Week 3, Class Notes, Sociological Perspectives and Research

Week 3, Class Notes, Sociological Perspectives and Research...

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Week 3, Class Notes, Research Methods Sociological research can be both quantitative and qualitative. Quantitative research collects data from the social world and turns the data into numbers or statistics in order to show probabilities of certain events occurring in the social world. This technique can find and show large social patterns, which can be turned into models that predict social events and change. Qualitative research (like interviews, case studies, ethnography), collects data but leaves the data in word form in order to better show the ways people construct, interpret, and give meaning to, and interact with their world. Some sociologists believe one technique is better than the other, but many will argue that either technique has merit if it is applied to sociological questions that are suited to the technique. For example, quantitative research methods could describe large or general patterns while qualitative research methods could help to understand how individuals understand those patterns. Sociology uses some form of the scientific method to systematically study a topic, to ensure reliable, consistent findings. The five basic steps include: 1. Defining the problem : picking your research question and making sure it is a sociological one. Does it seek to learn more about social life rather than simply looking for evidence for something you
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This note was uploaded on 03/24/2011 for the course SOCIOLOGY 101 taught by Professor Clarke during the Fall '08 term at Rutgers.

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Week 3, Class Notes, Sociological Perspectives and Research...

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