Class Notes, Week 12-13, Education Mainstream perspectives on schooling often argue that educational systems move students toward greater equality and that social class, gender, and racial inequalities in society can be balanced out through those systems. Advancement in school is based on meritocracy —a system where responsibilities and rewards are given based on an individual’s ability/effort, rather than their class positioning, gender, race, etc. Reproduction theory: Educational systems use practices that indoctrinate different kinds of students into different workplace roles. Usually this entails teaching lower class and minority students obedience and rule-following and upper class (usually white students) critical thinking and logic skills. Tracking: Replicated research shows that how a student is tracked in the educational system relates more to socioeconomic status (SES) than to their actual cognitive ability. Ideology in textbooks:
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