Dancing in Pain

Dancing in Pain - Original Article Dancing in Pain Pain...

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Original Article Dancing in Pain Pain Appraisal and Coping in Dancers Ruth Anderson, B.Soc.Sc, M.Psych., and Stephanie J. Hanrahan, M.A., M.Sc, Ph.D. Abstract "Ihi.s study investigated the relationships between the type of pain experienced (per- formance pain and injury pain), the cogni- tive appraisal of pain and pain coping styles in dancers. Fifty-one professional ballet and con tern poraiy dancers (17 males and 34 females}, with the mean age of 25.9 years, completed a general pain questionnaire, the Pain Appraisal Inventory, the Survey of Pain Attitudes Control Subscale, and che Sports Inventory for Pain. Muicivariate analyses of variance indicated that both the cognitive appraisal o\ the pain and pain coping styles did not differ according to the type of pain experienced or the pain severity. However, it was found chat danc- ers wich performance pain of either low or high severity were more likely co dance in pain than dancers experiencing injury pain. Multiple regression analyses indicated that che appraisal of pain as chreacening was predictive of the use ofavoidance and catastrophizing pain coping styles. Overall, results indicated that dancers may not dif- ferentiate between performance pain and injury pain, or modify their appraisal and coping strategies according to the charac- teristics of the pain experienced. The study highhghted an opportunity for increased education for dancers in recognizing the difference between pain considered co be a routine aspect of training and pain which is a signal of serious injurv. A thletes experience and tolerate pain as a result of sporting per- formance or injury throughout their careers, and the notion of "no pain, no gain" has become entrenched in sportingculture.'" A general expec- tation exists in sport that the aches and pains related to athletic performance and injury are an integral part of the life of an athlete. This expectation leads to an acceptance of athletes pushing past their pain barriers and risking injury as they seek to enhance their performances.''' Dancers, in particular, maintain higb expectations regarding their performance. They will often commit themselves to perfor- mance standards that are considered to be outside of normal limits, and continue training and performing in pain.''"'" Increased knowledge and understanding of the pain experienced by athletes and dancers will ultimately assist in minimizing the potential for career ending injury as they continu- ally strive to perform their best. Injury and Dance Physical injury can have a devastat- ing impact on the functioning and wellbeing of an athlete and has the Ruth Anderson, B.Soc.Sc, M.Psych., is at the Australian Institute of Sport and Stephanie J. Hanrahan, M.A., M.Sc, Ph.D., is at the Schools of Human Movement Studies and Psychology, The University of Queensland, Australia.
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This note was uploaded on 03/24/2011 for the course DNC 394 taught by Professor Roses-thema during the Spring '11 term at ASU.

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Dancing in Pain - Original Article Dancing in Pain Pain...

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