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Unformatted text preview: Essay #1: Love & War in the Iliad Mosaic 952-009 Spring 2011 Dr. Rebekah Zhuraw Folio 2 Due date: March 14 midnight Length: 4-6 pp. double spaced "Rage: Sing, Goddess, Achiles rage" begins the Iliad (1). It ends with the funeral of Hector. Yet, in a way, nothing has changed from beginning to end. The Greek armies still stand upon the shore. The war is not over. What then exactly has transpired? What is the story in this story? Perhaps to answer this question we need to look both backwards, to the Judgement of Paris, and forwards, to Achilles's death at Paris' hands. There are two versions of Achilles death. In one, he falls in love with Priam's daughter, Polyxena, and, tarrying at a temple while waiting for her hand in marriage, is shot down. In another, he falls in battle. In either case, Paris is denied honor and Achilles' ashes are mingled with those of Patroclus. There is only one version of the Judgement of Paris: asked by Hera (marriage, social hierarchy, law), Athena (wisdom, war, & work), & Aphrodite (sexual love, beauty, and pleasure) who is most beautiful, Paris awards the golden apple to Aphrodite. In return Aphrodite rewards Paris with the most beautiful woman in the world, Helen--who happens to already be someone else's wife... Though Aphrodite may be the titular goddess of Love and Mars the titular god of War (and secondarily Athena), images of Love and War in their many forms are rife and dovetail throughout the Iliad. Now step back. In The Botany of Desire, Pollan showed the same thing happening with the Dionysian and Apollonian impulses (roughly nature/culture). Now reach back to Mosaic I and the parallel Unit, Unit 2, Self & Other, to remember the work of Sigmund Freud. In the Introductory Lectures we met the essential duality of the conscious and unconscious through Freud's concept of psycho-sexual development or libedo. After this, he developed his Super-ego, Ego, Id model (Hera, Athena, Aphrodite???). Freud's theory would not be fully developed until late in his life when he published, Beyond the Pleasure Principal, where he posited that the libedo was not involved simply in the life-affirming principal, but in a tug of war between this Eros and an equal draw to death, Thanatos. Finally, in Civilization and It's Discontents, Freud suggested that Culture, which stamps out much of the happiness of the individual in its demand for conformity, is a high order Eros which binds humanity in a struggle against the natural order/end/even goal of life: death. Your job in this essay is to analyze the theme of love and war as presented in the Iliad through one or more of these two other apertures: Pollan's Dionysian/ Apollonian and Freud's eros/thanatos models (and/or other Freudian models) in order to determine what is the Iliad's ultimate message on the subject of Love and War. You will need to cite the texts properly, including any outside resources used. ...
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This note was uploaded on 03/24/2011 for the course IH 0952 taught by Professor Zhuraw during the Spring '11 term at Temple.
- Spring '11
- The Iliad, War, Achilles, Paris, Apollo, Athena, Hera