189-103_L06_Documentation

189-103_L06_Document - Information Technology Informatics(04:189:103:01 Documentation Lecture 6 Voorhees Hall 105 Stew Mohr Ph.D and Joe Sanchez

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Information Technology & Informatics (04:189:103:01) Documentation Lecture 6 Voorhees Hall 105 Stew Mohr, Ph.D. , and Joe Sanchez, Ph.D.
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February 5, 2009 ITI 103 2 Today’s Agenda Reprise and catch-up Bush’s Memex, utopian and dystopian technologies IT in the news Wikipedia and Open Source Movement Review materials and readings for next Tuesday’s class Lecture 6
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February 5, 2009 ITI 103 3 Reprise Vannevar Bush and Memex Image source: http://www.futureofthebook.org/blog/archives/memex-1.jpg Man’s uses of science produced lasting benefit according to Bush through… Increased knowledge and control of the world. Improve communication Computational capabilities for transmitting a nd reviewing research. Use and extension of record information Lecture 6
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February 5, 2009 ITI 103 4 Reprise Vannevar Bush and Memex (Cont’d.) Bush’s article… Described “collaborative Hypertext” for the first time (Morville, 2005, p. 34). Focused on individual use with private files and the precursor to the digitized library. Predicted the ability to sit at a desktop, find resource materials in researching a topic (the English long bow), project them on a screen, the ability to analyze them and add comments of one’s own. The Memex is generally considered to be the prototype for the World Wide Web. Image source: http://www.futureofthebook.org/blog/archives/memex-1.jpg Lecture 6
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February 5, 2009 ITI 103 5 Reprise Utopian Technology Technology can better our lives by making them more ordered. Progress is an essentially good thing and requires order. Secrecy is power, and enhances freedom and privacy. Order is good. Technology can solve problems, even problems that technology creates. As a result problems are solved by increasing complexity and increasing order. Lecture 6
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February 5, 2009 ITI 103 6 Reprise Dystopian Technology Technology changes behavior and patterns of behavior Technology is connected to or evolves into the state, creating a state of "authoritarian information technology" Basic Assumptions Individual obedience to governmental authority Government creation of a rational social order Control is maintained by a technocracy Technology is panoptical . Information overload and confusion As instrumental technology is unable to be mastered people become more "objects" to be "ordered" Humans, as essentially "unordered" or "unpredictable“, threaten the order of society. Lecture 6
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Lecture 5 ITI 103 7 Reprise Luddites – a Short History Mechanization (and consequently industrialization) was seen as a cause for low wages and oppression of the workers. Under the direction of Ned Ludd, his followers (textile workers, primarily) broke into factories and destroyed the machines that were creating textiles.
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This note was uploaded on 03/24/2011 for the course IT 393 taught by Professor Mohr during the Spring '11 term at Rutgers.

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189-103_L06_Document - Information Technology Informatics(04:189:103:01 Documentation Lecture 6 Voorhees Hall 105 Stew Mohr Ph.D and Joe Sanchez

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