Hindu - Rudra(paradoxically both “dread mountain god” and “gentle healer presiding over medicinal plants” Liturgical Deities Agni(holy fire

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–2. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Hindu Understanding of Death and Afterlife invasion of the Indian Sub-continent by the Aryan population from Central Asian high-lands and the subsequent conquest of the native Dravidian populatin (2 nd milleninium BCE) The Vedas (knowledge) ca 1000 BCE Rig Veda Sama Veda Yajur Veda Atharva Veda no great tombs taj mahal is muslim Rig Veda (the Veda of Stanzas of Praises) Anthology of religious poetry in 10 books, over 1000 hymns deva mean god (to shine) in Sanskrit real extistance is the soul but not the body. The body needs to be completely returned to nature so cremation is necessary. Connections to Greco-Roman Civilization Dyaus-Pitar (Father Sky) c. Zeus Pater, Jupitar Prithivi-Mater (Mother Broad Earth) cf. Gaea Mater Mitra (hightly moralized god- The Sun God) cf. Mithra – also in zorostranian most prominent Vedic deities Indra (god of storms) drives out Vritra, the drought dragon Varuna (the high-arched sky) maintains order, both natural and moral
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Background image of page 2
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: Rudra (paradoxically both “dread mountain god” and “gentle healer presiding over medicinal plants” Liturgical Deities Agni (holy fire) Soma (holy liquid) Brahmanaspati (holy words-prayers) Caste System – (Varnas and Jati) Brahmins (priests) Kshatriyas (nobles) Vaisyas (Aryan commoners) Shudras (non Aryan commoners) harijian- outcaste (untouchable) The Three Margas Karma Marga (Thehakti Marga Ways of Works- moral and ritual) – Vedas and Brahmanas Daily Pujas and lifelong process of ritual observance will assure a safe passage to- “the World of the Fathers” Four Stages of Hindu Life Apprenticeship Householder Forest dweller (pilgrimage) Moksha (sannyasin) Karma Marga (The Way of Works- morals and ritual)- Vedas and Brahmanas Jnana Marga (The Way of Knowledge) – Vedas and the Upanishads) Bkakti Marga (The way of Devotion)- The Bhagavad Gita...
View Full Document

This note was uploaded on 03/24/2011 for the course RELIGION 830 taught by Professor Bishop during the Spring '11 term at Rutgers.

Page1 / 2

Hindu - Rudra(paradoxically both “dread mountain god” and “gentle healer presiding over medicinal plants” Liturgical Deities Agni(holy fire

This preview shows document pages 1 - 2. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online