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Introduction to Policy MIdterm review

Introduction to Policy MIdterm review - Nakul Shah...

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Nakul Shah Introduction to Policy, Planning, and Health Spring 2011 Michael Simmons Mid-Term Study Guide Terms & Themes Legal Drinking Age: The United States legal drinking age is 21, but in many other nations and provinces it is 18. Many in the United States are concerned with the plague of underage binge drinking, especially in colleges, that leads to the death of many teens. Many believe that if the drinking age was lowered to 18, less college students would take part in dangerous drinking habits because it would not be considered the “forbidden fruit” as well as the fact that they would not be scared of legal consequences for calling 911 for an intoxicated friend, or drinking heavily before they go out to avoid being caught by police with an open container. However, many also feel that by lowering the drinking age you are opening the door to even younger kids being tempted to drink, possibly even in high schools. That is why many believe that if the age was lowered to 19, high schools would remain dry and college students would not feel the need to take on dangerous drinking habits, and many unnecessary deaths can be prevented. This will also stop police from having to enforce a seemingly unenforceable law. Public Health: Activities by government, private, voluntary organizations, and individuals to coordinate community efforts with the goal of disease prevention and promotion of health and prolonging life. As well as assuring the conditions in which people can be healthy. Planning: Interconnectedness and complexity of land use requires planning to: Shape the pattern of growth with goal of achieving a sensible and attractive land-use pattern Avoiding oppressively dense development or sprawl Encouraging development that give ready access to recreational, cultural, school, shopping and other facilities Convenient street patterns that easily navigated with minimal congestion Separate incompatible land uses and activities Older communities preserve: Housing stock Historic buildings and other landmarks Environmental gems Communities with persistent poverty: Economic Development may be focus Public Policy: The actions of government, and by extension the citizens they represent, to address or not to address public problems. Probability causality: Smoking can cause lung cancer, but everyone who smokes doesn’t develop lung cancer, and everyone with lung cancer isn’t a smoker. In public health the probability may be increased, but you cannot completely blame that one factor as a cause even though it increases probability. Poor diet and obesity for example.
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“Principles of Freedom and Responsibility”: Displayed when CDC scientists were having their research funding stripped because politicians were supportive of the lobbying of the NRA. The government should not censor scientists or interfere with their findings.
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