Notes for 2nd midterm

Notes for 2nd midterm - Oct. 14 ST Thomas Aquinas: Summa...

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Oct. 14 ST Thomas Aquinas: Summa Theologica -used: Aristotelian principles (Ptolemaic) -Thomism/Scholasticism ~THE way to learn in the Middle Ages ~boiled down to The Church -Primum Mobile: Prime Mover (God moved sun to center of universe) -really gravity or power of God **Dumped by New Cosmology; destroyed by Sir Isaac Newton -La Mettrie: wrote ‘L’Homme machine’ (“The Mechanical Man”) -began studying how bodies work, blood flow, figuring out the body, etc. -really healing miracles or science of the body “Organized Religion” God --------Church------- Me “Unorganized Religion” God ------------------------ Me Intelligentsia: elitists who think they are smarter than everyone else who think they can run the world without anyone else or any other authority Cognoscenti: the people who know Deus: God Domine: Lord Deo: to God Deum: to God Dei: of God (possessive) New Religion of the 17 th Century: Deism Deism ~”the religion of God” ~God is the author, Divine Providence, Creator, Maker, Nature’s God ~Idea, Ideal, Primum Mobile ~NOT anthropomorphological! Does not have shape/characteristics of man -Trinity is the expression of God, and therefore physical -Rejects Christianity’s Christ/Lord/God -an Idea; we know nothing more than that* -“the Great Clockmaker” ~made us and then left us to work (tick) on our own 1624: Lord Herbert of Cherbury -founded the society of Deists Two Types of Deists: 1) Deists: Voltaire, Rousseau, Diderot -are fine with just worshipping the Idea of a God 2) Newton, Descartes, Pascal, Benjamin Franklin, Washington, Jefferson -reject all Churches! No Church is right
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-believe in God the Father, Jesus Christ but reject organized religion 17 th Century: Age of Reason, Age of Louis 14th King Louis 14 th ~The Sun King -France becomes the center of art/culture/power -Leonardo moved to France -artists still study mainly in Rome but return to France to become famous Preciosity~ you are more concerned with etiquette than morals -dressing/speaking/acting properly in public Florid (Flowery) Baroque ~all that is irregular, extravagant, uneven; Extravagant Dynamism -promoted by the Catholic Church ~sensual but spiritual ~visual drama ~visual preciosity Characteristics: 1) Aristocratic 2) Catholic 3) Opulent 4) Decorative 5) Complex 6) Convoluted 7) Flamboyant Great Baroque Artists: Caravaggio Bernini Rubens (“inventor of Baroque”) Semi-good Baroque Artists -both are Protestants from Holland Vermeer (Baroque by default of his time painting) Rembrandt (learned from Caravaggio) Bernini -sculptor and architect, Italian -fountains of Rome, Piazza -“the illustrator of the counter reformation” St Peters Basilica Baldachino -canopy 90 feet tall Colonnade -constructed like arms encircling the plaza -saints on top of each column Ecstasy of St Teresa
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-built specifically for that location; light comes from above, illuminates gold rods Saint Longinus -statue in a nave; holding spear and extending out arms; martyred for Christianity -Centurion at the foot of the cross with Jesus
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This note was uploaded on 03/24/2011 for the course HUMANITIES 202 taught by Professor Marsden during the Fall '10 term at BYU.

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Notes for 2nd midterm - Oct. 14 ST Thomas Aquinas: Summa...

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