5 - Ex 4 Part 1 G11 (cog); 13 (body) AA: 31 (Shame Work and...

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Ex 4 Part 1 G11 (cog); 13 (body) AA: 31 (Shame Work and OA) AA: 23 Canceled Goode Ninth Edition, Chapter 11: Cognitive Deviance 1.Cognition refers to knowing-that is, what one believes to be true (253) 2.(T/F) Cognition implies empirical correctness False (253) 3.Define cognitive deviance holding beliefs that are unconventional and nonnormative, which, in some social circles, causes their believers to be shunned, isolated, marginalized, rendered powerful, criticized, condemned, or punished . (253) 4.What is a common relationship between unacceptable beliefs and behavior? Unacceptable beliefs translate into or become a basis for unacceptable behavior (254) 5.A belief is “deviant” in what two ways: both normatively and reactively . (255) 6.How does our assemblage of societal beliefs resemble a ladder as well as a mosaic? Some beliefs are more dominant than others. (255) 7.What is sociology's basic insight toward beliefs? (255) beliefs are not deviant simply because of their content. A belief is deviant in 2 ways-normatively and reactively. It is deviant both because it is considered wrong and its believers are treated as socially unacceptable—in a given society or collectivity. ???8.What do Berger and Luckmann mean when they say that human consciousness is determined by social existence? (256) the first and more or less universally accepted sociological priniciple of beliefs is that they arise through social interaction with others 9.Karl Marx wrote that the way we think at a particular time and place is a reflection of the economic arrangements of the society in which we live.(257) ???10.What did Max Weber write about the relationship between beliefs and economic or material conditions.(257) The elective affinity people have for certain ideas and beliefs, that is, the social and material conditions in which the live influence the likelihood that they would be receptive of certain ideas 11.Weber saw a two way street between the ideational and material worlds. (257) 12.What are cults and sects, and how to they relate to mainstream, established religious bodies. (259) Sects break off (splintered groups) from mainstream church and tradition. Cults arise independently or pop-up. 13.What is the scientific definition of a theory
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5 - Ex 4 Part 1 G11 (cog); 13 (body) AA: 31 (Shame Work and...

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