6 - Exam 2 Part 1 G 3,6 AA#10(Chesney-Lind 35(Gender and...

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Exam 2 Part 1 G: 3,6 AA: #10 (Chesney-Lind); 35 (Gender and Gangs); #18 (Anderson on Police) Goode Ninth, Chapter 3: Constructionist Theories of Deviance 1.What are the primary questions presented by the constructionist approach (e.g., why rules are made in the first place ?).(48) Primary questions by constructionists 2.As a functionalist, did Durkheim think a crime-free society is possible? NO Did he think crime is useful and necessary YES (67-68) 3.What positive things does crime and its punishment do for society according to Durkheim.(67) firms up moral boundaries; provides the seeds for social change; promote stability and integration; affirms mainstream values 4.Functionalists have been criticized by justifying the status quo (68) 5.Functionalists incorrectly assumed a unity of interests among different groups.(68) 6.Labeling theory grew out of symobilc interactionism (53) 7.Symbolic interactionism is based on what three principles. (53) meaning, interaction, and interpretation. 8.What does polygenetic mean.(53) Caused by a wide range of factors 9.What did Lemert mean by primary and secondary deviance.(53-54) primary- enactment of deviant behavior itself-any form of it. Secondary-deviation occurs when the individual who enacts deviant behavior deals with the problems created by social reaction to his or her primary deviations. 10.Lemert and Tannenbaum’s labeling theory recognized the ironic consequences of condemnation, that is, it can make further deviance more likely ?(54) 11.What are labeling theory’s five central concerns, and what do those five words and phrases mean.(54-56) audience, labeling and stigma, reflexivity, inner world of the deviance, stickiness of deviant labels and the self-fulfilling prophecy. 12.What are three important audiences.(54) society at large significant others, official agents of organization of social control 13.What are self-fulfilling prophecies.(56) someone becomes what he or she is accused of being- even though the original accusation may have been false. 14.The stickiness of deviant labels means that, once a deviant label has been attached, it is difficult to shake (56-57) 15.Labeling focuses on what prediction.(57) Social control leads to intensification of commitment to deviance, not a continuation?? 16.Instead of seeing consensus (agreement) and harmony in society, conflict theorists do not believe that consensus, harmony, or cohesion prevail in contemporary society. (57) 17.They see struggles between and among categories, sectors, groups, and classes in the society, with winners and losers resulting from the outcome of these struggles (57-8) 18.According to conflict theory, most social institutions benefit
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6 - Exam 2 Part 1 G 3,6 AA#10(Chesney-Lind 35(Gender and...

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