ANTH oct 13 class notes

ANTH oct 13 class notes - Wednesday October 13 Why Have...

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Wednesday October 13  Why Have Chiefdoms and States?  Why give up autonomy?  Was it a necessary transition?  How does leadership and social inequality become  institutionalized? Hydraulic Theory  Leadership arose out of the need to regulate agricultural  economies.   Where? Researchers point to Egypt and Mesopotamia where  growing populations needed more water for crops.  Water was  supplied by extensive irrigation systems that required  construction and maintenance.   Leaders were needed to regulate these systems, coordinate and  direct labor, distribute water as needed, and resolve conflict.  But…not everywhere. Large, complex hydraulic systems  constructed elsewhere in the world, without centralized  authority.  An example is the Hohokam (C.E. 1-1450) from the 
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Southwest United States, who used cooperative labor for  irrigation systems.  Trade Theory  As trade and exchange of goods became more common, leaders 
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ANTH oct 13 class notes - Wednesday October 13 Why Have...

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