ANTH oct 6 class notes - Wednesday October 6 Chiefdoms Size...

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Wednesday October 6  Chiefdoms  Size ranges from hundreds to thousands of people.  The economy is mixed:  horticulture, agriculture, pastoralism,   There is an emphasis on a few staple foods or crops.  Food  production is intensified and a surplus is produced.   Most people are “generalists” in the economy, so they meet their  own needs.  There is some part-time craft specialization.   Each chiefdom has a territory.   They have “settlement systems”: each settlement system has at  least one political or ceremonial center, like our county seats or  capitol.  This center is where the chief lives, governs his or her  subjects, and directs ceremonies. Political and ceremonial centers  often have “monumental architecture” like mounds, pyramids,  temples, statues, and henges.   Settlement systems can be “nucleated” or “dispersed.” 
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This note was uploaded on 03/25/2011 for the course ANTH 1102 taught by Professor Gonzalez during the Fall '08 term at University of Georgia Athens.

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ANTH oct 6 class notes - Wednesday October 6 Chiefdoms Size...

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