ANTH sept 17 class notes

ANTH sept 17 class notes - Friday September 16...

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Friday September 16  Sociopolitical Effects of the Neolithic Revolution Landscape Modification They grew crops so they modified the land during the Neolithic  Revolution.   Irrigation and ignorance led to degradation and infertility of the  soil.   Deforestation increased which destroyed habitats for wildlife and  made it easier for soil to be eroded.   Pollution increased, including fertilizer and pesticides, which  degraded the environment over time. Population Density  When humans stopped migrating, the population density  increased.  When there is a larger population, a division of specialized labor  can exist which allows people to focus on innovations. Human Health  Disease is transmitted easier.
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 Diets are more specialized and specific, which isn’t as healthy as  a hunting and gathering diet because there is less variety.   Humans domesticated animals and developed immunity to  certain animal-borne diseases.   More dental wear.  Increased parasite density. Work vs. Leisure Time  Work time increases and leisure time decreases.   Called the original “affluent society.”   Typically worked 12-20 hours a week.  Hunter-gatherers were often marginalized and forced to move to 
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