Fall 2010 Test Review

Fall 2010 Test Review - GEOG 1111 Fall 2009 Test#2 Study...

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GEOG 1111 Fall 2009 Test #2 Study Questions (* = visual question, *** = math question) 1. *** What is your “810” student ID number? On the Scantron sheet, do NOT include the last digit. 2. I was watching a cable program in which scientists analyzed the gas composition of… flatulence. They were looking for methane, but they actually found more of this gas, which is the 3rd-most- commonly-occurring gas in the atmosphere. What is it? 3. * What’s the longitude of: Greenwich, England; The International Date Line? What’s the latitude of the Tropic of Capricorn? 4. Where is daily insolation at the top of the atmosphere the greatest, and when? Why there, why then? Why isn’t it hot at that location at that time of year? 5. The non-cloudy, non-polluted atmosphere does mostly this with visible light coming from the Sun: A? R? R? T? S? 6. T/F: pressure in the atmosphere changes very little from the ground to the tropopause. 7. If this morning’s low temperature was 50°F and the high is 75°F, for a daily range of 25 degrees, what do you think the daily range in temperature is for the soil about 1 meter below the surface? Why? 8. T/F: the Sun glows, but we don’t, because the Sun is a lot hotter than we are. 9. How does lead affect the human body? Why did American cars use leaded gas for decades? 10. * The Edmund Fitzgerald storm is sometimes called a “Panhandle hook” cyclone because it formed near the Texas and Oklahoma Panhandles (skinny parts of those states). Can you find Texas and Oklahoma on a map? Wisconsin? Michigan? 11. T/F: Greenland is much bigger than South America. T/F: Greenland is much bigger than South America on a Mercator map . 12. Which of the following gases is increasing every year: nitrogen; oxygen; argon; carbon dioxide? 13. In which month(s) is it probably warmest at: Havana, Cuba (23.5°N); Quito, Ecuador; Buenos Aires, Argentina (34°S)? 14. What is air pressure? What instrument is used to measure air pressure? 15. What is wind? A west wind blows from which direction, and blows toward which direction? 16. T/F: ultimately, it’s the Sun that makes the wind blow. 17. Which scientific law is the basis for understanding wind? Did the ancient Greeks know about this scientific law? 18. What are five forces that are essential for understanding wind? Which one: acts only in the vertical? Is due to curves? Is due to the Earth’s rotation? Pushes directly toward lower pressure? Opposes the direction of the wind? 19. * What is an isobar? The strongest winds on a weather map will occur where isobars are (close together? Far apart?). 20. The geostrophic wind is caused by a balance of which two forces? Is this wind a good approximation to reality near the Earth’s surface? Why or why not? What about in the upper troposphere in a straight jet stream—is it a good approximation there? 21.
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Fall 2010 Test Review - GEOG 1111 Fall 2009 Test#2 Study...

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