Religion - Islam War Violence Introducing Islam Mecca(Saudi...

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Islam, War, Violence
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Introducing Islam Mecca (Saudi Arabia) Muhammad (570-632 CE) Prophet, not deity no images Qur’an Revealed to Muhammad Written after his death Spreads quickly Spain to India by 800 CE
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Sacred Texts of Islam Qur’an (650 CE) Arabic Uzmanic codex - 20 yrs, Uthman (Uzman) wrote down the authorized version Not in narrative format Includes stories about figures in the Bible, as well as those about Muhammad Broken down into Suras, which are organized from longest to shortest
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Five Pillars Five Pillars of Islam 1) shahadah – testifying to belief in Allah and that Muhammad is His Prophet, 2) salah performing regular daily prayers, 3) sawm fasting during Islamic calendar month of Ramadan, 4) zakah – giving alms to the poor, and 5) hajj – making a pilgrimage to Mecca Over 1 billion Muslims today. 85% are Sunni, 15% are Shi’i or Sufi.
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