myron 16 - Motivation Definition Common Theories...

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Motivation Definition Common Theories Destructive Motivation
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Definitions What is motivation? A need or desire that energizes behavior and directs it toward a goal Theories of Motivation
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Instinct Innate/inborn forces Influenced by Charles Darwin/theory of natural selection William James, American psychologist, proposed that instincts motivate behavior Form habits that fulfill daily needs
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Drive-Reduction Theory motivation comes from desire to reduce internal, uncomfortable, state (drive) when needs not fulfilled Primary drives maintain homeostasis/equilibrium such as food, water Secondary drives motivate behaviors not related to biological needs Learning and experience
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Incentive Incentives are things that motivate to action Extrinsic motivation- incentives come from the outside (praise, money, material items) Intrinsic motivation- incentives come from within (feeling good about self, pride in accomplishment)
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Arousal Theory Operate best at optimal level of arousal
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This note was uploaded on 03/25/2011 for the course PSYCH 1101 taught by Professor Staff during the Spring '11 term at Georgia State.

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myron 16 - Motivation Definition Common Theories...

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