Unformatted text preview: FIRE FIRE
Structural Fires and Wildfires Wildfire in San Bernadino, CA Wildfire in San Bernadino, CA 11/07/2003 Wildfire in San Bernadino, CA Wildfire in San Bernadino, CA 11/07/2003 Links Links Earthquake Flood Industrial accidents Drought Use of remote sensing – drought, vegetation, wind, etc. Wildfire Wildfire
Urbanwoodland interface issues Fire suppression policy issues – natural burns versus suppression – Yellowstone fire Firewise program – Metal mesh barriers for chimneys, attics, etc. Noncombustible building materials Fire resistant landscaping Forest fires Crown fires Brush fires Grass fires Wildfire Suppression Wildfire Suppression National Interagency Coordination Center Crews – hotshots, smoke jumpers, aviation 68 federally funded Hotshot teams – up to 21 days on the line before rotating off Prescribed burns Suppression policies Yellowstone fire in 1988 Storm King Mountain disaster in 1994 – 14 killed Cerre Grande prescribed burn disaster in 2000 Incident Command Systems (ICS) Incident Command Systems (ICS) Firescope program in early 1970s – origin of ICS FEMA program in early 1970s – second origin Incident commander Staff (liaison, public affairs, safety officers) Sections (planning, operations, logistics, and finance/administration) Software Equipment – from colorcoded vests to communications gear The Oakland Hills Fire The Oakland Hills Fire Access issues – narrow, winding streets Hose connectivity issues Vegetation issues – heavy vegetation Sheltering issues – rich versus poor Insurance issues – reimbursement formulae and exotic homes Rebuilding issues – new standards, e.g., setbacks View management issues Firewise Program Firewise Program Nonflammable roof and siding materials Less flammable landscaping – cut grass or rock No trees or bushes next to home Sprinklers Vents Structural Fires Structural Fires Historic city fires – New York in 1835, Chicago in 1871, Boston in 1872, and San Francisco in 1906 Winecoff Hotel Fire in Atlanta in 1946 – 119 killed – hotel did not have fire escapes MGM Grand fire in Las Vegas in 1980 – 84 killed – issue of flammable materials Highrise fire issues Laws now require fire escapes, sprinklers, smoke detectors, and fire alarms and regulate building standards and materials, exits, maximum capacities, building uses, etc. ...
View Full Document
- Spring '07
- Hydrology, Keetch-Byram Drought Index, Bushfire, Wildfire Suppression Wildfire, fires Grass fires, Wildfire Wildfire