BASQUE nationalism

BASQUE nationalism - SEGI - is a Basque pro-independence...

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SEGI - is a Basque pro-independence and revolutionary left-wing organization. It forms part of the Basque National Liberation Movement and is aligned with Langile Abertzaleen Batzordeak and Batasuna . Segi is proscribed as a terrorist organization (as a member of ETA) by both the Spanish and French authorities as well as the European Union as a whole. In its decision, on 27 February 2007, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Justice (ECJ) dismissed the appeal of the illegal Basque organization "Gestoras Pro Amnistia" and SEGI members against their dismissal by the European Council with claims for damages suffered as a result of inclusion in the "terrorist list". The UK intervened with Spain – it was the only other EU state to do so, as a symbol of the support of the rest of the European Council. Batasuna ( Basque : Unity , originally Herri Batasuna or "Unity of the People") was a Basque nationalist political party based mainly in Spain , where it was outlawed in 2003, after a court ruling declared proven that the party was financing ETA with public money. The Spanish ruling was appealed before and, later on, confirmed by the European Court of Human Rights . As an association and not as a political party, Batasuna has a minor presence in the French Basque country , where it remains legal for the time being as "Batasuna". Batasuna's ranks and support base have been represented under different names since it was first declared legal in the late 1970s with the Spanish Transition to democracy. Thus, Batasuna's predecessors were the original Herri Batasuna and, then, Euskal Herritarrok . After having been outlawed in 2003, Batasuna's core support revamped yet again by co-opting the so far marginal parties EHAK and Acción Nacionalista Vasca (ANV). Batasuna was a part of the Basque National Liberation Movement which includes social organizations, trade unions, youth ( Jarrai and Gazteriak, now merged in Haika and Segi), and women's groups ( Egizan ). Jarrai-Haika-Segi, Gestoras pro-Amnistia, Askatasuna and other groups closely related to Batasuna have been also declared illegal by different court rulings on the same charges of having collaborated with or being part of ETA, while these charges and its juridical arguments have been highly disputed. Batasuna is included in the "European Union list of terrorist persons and organizations" as a component of ETA.
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This note was uploaded on 03/28/2011 for the course SPANISH 345 taught by Professor Hoskisson during the Winter '11 term at BYU.

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BASQUE nationalism - SEGI - is a Basque pro-independence...

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