J Chapter Seven PSDs

J Chapter Seven PSDs - Chapter Seven PSDs: 7-1 #1,2; 7-4...

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Chapter Seven PSDs: 7-1 #1,2; 7-4 #2,3; 7-5 #1,3; 7-6 #1,4,5; QFT #1,3; 7-7 #1,2; 7-8 #1,3; 7-10 #1,2; 7-11 #1,2; 7-12 #1,2,4 QFT # 2,3 7-1 1) The Virginian Declaration of Rights states that legitimate power is vested in the people, and that magistrates are the trustees and servants of the legislative power and commutatively the people. 2) Government responsibilities include, according to the Virginian Declaration, to be instituted for the common benefit, protection, and security of the people, nation and community. It must produce the greatest degree of happiness and safety, and secured against the danger of maladministration; if these precepts are not abided by, the people have the complete right to alter them. The legislative, executive, and judicial bodies should be separate and distinct, but the government as a whole should be uniform and established without rogue administrations in other areas. 7-4 2) According to Gerry, Shay’s rebellion was caused by “designing men” who misled the masses into the “most baneful measures and opinions by the false reports circulated.” 3) Gerry would be most accurately described as one who was wary of democracy, preferring “an election by the people if it were so qualified that men of honor and character might not be unwilling to be joined in the appointments.” This view leads itself to the speculation that Gerry would not trust the common man with legislative matters. 7-5) 1) Clinton states that the new Constitution is doomed for failure because, as he references Montesquieu, republics are only successful with a small territory, as the larger a nation becomes, the larger differences there are in the peoples living in it, and with those differences come the differences of opinion, needs, and allegiances. 3) Clinton’s main fear is that with a large centralized republic, factions will arise with different concerns than the power-wielding majority. This would led to resentment between groups, damaging the unity of the nation. Shay’s Rebellion is a perfect example of this type of problem, as a group of people with separate priorities than the leading majority felt that they were wronged by a nation-wide law, and revolted in protest. The lessons from history Clinton sites
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This note was uploaded on 03/28/2011 for the course HISTORY 201 taught by Professor Nokes during the Spring '11 term at BYU.

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J Chapter Seven PSDs - Chapter Seven PSDs: 7-1 #1,2; 7-4...

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