04 Columbus - European Discovery of the Western Hemisphere...

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Unformatted text preview: European Discovery of the Western Hemisphere Born Genoa, c. 1451, Origin has been questioned Lisbon, 1476, joined his brother, a cartographer. A merchant 1479, married daughter of B. Perestrello, merchant, land owner, and retired explorer, discoverer of Madeira archipelago, for Portuguese Columbus, 1477 to Iceland and Guinea and Toscanelli's calculations Exposure to Viking Sagas? 1484 proposed to sail to Indies by sailing westward to King John II of Portugal. Columbus goes to Spain Portuguese king not interested his explorations began as early as 1415. Prince Henry the Navigator 1415, Took Cueta West African Trade Legend of Prester John Developed New Navigational and Cartographic Techniques Developed the Caravel Combined Cargo Space Maneuverability Seaworthiness Lateen Sails Slow Progress Seamen Afraid of Shallows Strong Currents Sun too Hot Burn Turn Black Sea Monsters 1434 Gil Eannes Trade Slaves By 1484, Congo River. 1474, Ferdinand of Aragon marries Isabella of Castille Unified two most powerful kingdoms in Spain Old seafaring tradition of the Aragonese Land wealth of the Castilian aristocracy To fight the Moors No interest in exploring 1488, Portugal Invited to Lisbon Arrived, B. Dias sails into port after voyage around Cape of Good Hope No interest in Columbus Back to Spain Opened the way to India around the African continent, 1497 1492, Grenada falls Spain supports Columbus Royal maritime advisory committee never really gave support Isabella and Ferdinand give three ships and crew On to Japan by sailing West. 1 st Voyage - 1492- 1493 September, repairs and refits in the Canary Islands 1492-Aug-2 Columbus departs from Spain. From September 6 to October 12 Columbus cooks the books Columbus small fleet ( Nia , Pinta and Santa Maria ) sailed west. October 12 the New World was sighted at 2:00 a.m....
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04 Columbus - European Discovery of the Western Hemisphere...

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