07 Red Bay Wreck - THE RED BAY WRECK 1st, 100 MILE STRETCH...

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Unformatted text preview: THE RED BAY WRECK 1st, 100 MILE STRETCH FROM SOUTHERN FRANCE TO NORTHERN SPAIN 1) ALSO EXCELLENT SHIPWRIGHTS & IRONWORKERS BASQUE, LONG TRADITION OF WHALE HUNTING 2) DEVELOPED MOST WHALING TECHNIQUES BY 16TH CENTURY, DEMAND FOR WHALE OIL WAS HIGH IT BURNED SLOWER & BRIGHTER THAN VEGETABLE OIL ALSO FOR SOAP, PROTECTIVE COATING FOR SHIPS, MEDICINE, & FABRIC TREATMENT IN 16TH CEN. OIL FROM ONE WHALE WORTH $250,000 RIGHT WHALE EASY TO CATCH SWAM AT AROUND 1 TO 2 KNOTS ALONG SHORE ABOUT 15 M LONG & 50 TO 60 TONS WEIGHT 40% BLUBBER FLOATED WHEN DEAD OVERHUNTED WHALES IN THEIR REGION, MOVED DOWN THE COAST OF SPAIN, TO NORTHERN AFRICA, AND THEN TO LABRADOR RIGHT WHALE WAS CALLED THE BASQUE WHALE EUROPEAN CODFISHERMEN MAY HAVE ARRIVED ON N.E. COAST OF N. AMERICA BEFORE 1492 PORTUGUESE EXPLORERS AS FAR WEST AS LABRADOR BY 1501 EL LAVRADOR PORTUGUES FOR THE FARMER OR HERDSMAN 15 PORTS ESTABLISHED IN LABRADOR BY MID16TH CENTURY. Archival research identified Red Bay as Butes or Brutus Bay. Memorial Un. of Newfoundland did survey identifying Tryworks where blubber was rendered into oil Habitations Workshops Cemetary 140 burials UP TO 10 GALLEONS PER SEASON COULD DOCK IN RED BAY. EQUAL ABOUT 10,000 BARRELS PER SEASON 200 WHALES A SEASON, 50 BARRELS PER WHALE $5,000 PER BARREL SAN JUAN SANK IN RED BAY, LABRADOR IN 1565 3 DECKS & 3 MASTS 22 M LONG, 7.5 M BREADTH, 250 TONS BURDEN BASQUES CALLED IT A GALLEON GALLEON WAS A LARGER, DEEPER SHIP THAN A CARAVEL ( UP TO 150 TONS) OR NAO (UP TO 250 TONS) 4 GALLEONS WERE FOUND, 1 BATEL & 5 CHALUPAS 4 SAN JUAN CARRIED 9001000 BARRELS OF WHALE OIL, MOST OF THE CARGO WAS RECOVERED OIL, Diving Conditions Water temp: 36 F on surface 33 F on the bottom Dry suit dive times limited to about 1 hour Solution Hot water suits, of a type used by professional divers on oil rigs Diver times extended to 34 hours 1979 season 1300 hrs bottom time 1984 season 3400 hrs bottom time Total Project bottom time = 14,000 hrs COLD WATER HELPED PRESERVE THE HULL MUCH OF THE HULL SURVIVED NO PLANS OF THESE SHIPS SURVIVE ONLY CONTRACTS, GIVE LENGTH OF KEEL, BREADTH, # OF DECKS, ETC. RULE OF THUMB: AS, DOS, TRES RATIO OF BEAM/KEEL LENGTH/OVERALL LENGTH KEEL UNIQUE MADE OF BEECH NOT RECTANGULAR TSHAPED SIMILAR TO VIKING KEEL LOOKS LIKE A DUGOUT CANOE COMBINATION OF KEEL & FIRST LEVEL OF PLANKS (GARBOARDS) MORE WATERTIGHT MADE OF BEECH, EASIER TO CARVE THAN OAK, BUT NOT AS STRONG SIMILAR FRAMING PLAN TO EARLIER VESSELS SOME FLOOR TIMBERS ATTACHED TO FIRST FUTTOCKS BY DOVE TAIL JOINTS JOINTS FASTENED IN SAME MANNER MASTER FRAME FORWARD AND AFT FUTTOCKS FORWARD FLOOR TIMBERSFUTTOCKS FORWARD; AFT FLOOR TIMBERSFUTTOCKS AFT 14 FRAMES CONSTRUCTED IN THIS MANNER ALL PREERECTED IN CENTER OF VESSEL BATTENS NAILED TO FRAMES AND STEM AND STERN POST TO DEFINE SHAPE OF SHIP FLOOR TIMBER / FUTTOCK OVERLAP ON IBERIAN SHIPS RESULTS IN A STRONG BELT OF TIMBER AT TURN OF BILGE INDICATES PREERECTED FRAME INDICATES THE SHAPE OF THE FRAME WAS PREDETERMINED NONE OF 2ND FUTTOCKS ATTACHED TO 1ST ABOVE WATERLINE SECTION PRIMARILY SUPPORTS DECKS AND SUPERSTRUCTURE, LESS STRESS SIZE OF VESSEL DETERMINED BY THE NUMBER OF BARRELS IT COULD CARRY THE SAN JUAN HAD A FLAT TRANSOM ONE GUN OR LOADING PORT THE RUDDER WAS ONE PIECE OF OAK THREE TYPES OF SMALL BOATS BATEL, USED TO SERVICE MOORED SHIPS, AND TO CHASE, KILL & TOW WHALES AT LEAST ONE PER SHIP, 6 M OR 20' LONG PINAZA, USED FOR FISHING OFFSHORE CHALUPA, FOR CHASING & KILLING WHALES, 8M OR 26' LONG. TOO LIGHT TO BE TOWED BY A WHALE, USED DROGUE FLOAT RED BAY HAD A WHALE STATION THAT DID ALL PROCESSING MORE THAN 3000 BONES WERE FOUND AT RED BAY BEST IF SHIPS READY TO SAIL BY MID APRIL USUALLY NOT READY UNTIL MID JUNE LATEST SAILING JUNE 24TH WAITING SO LATE MISS PART OF THE EARLY SEASON MUST STAY FOR SECOND SEASON, LASTED UNTIL JAN. COLDER, HIGHER WINDS, BITTER COLD, SHORTER DAYS USUALLY HUNTED BOWHEADS, 5 TO 10 MORE BARRELS POSSIBILITY OF GETTING TRAPPED FOR WINTER SAILED IN SMALL CONVOYS OF THREE TO FOUR SHIPS LIGHTLY ARMED WHALERS AND SAILORS WERE USUALLY PAID ON THE SHARE SYSTEM SEAMEN BETWEEN 4 AND 6 BARRELS SPECIALIST LIKE HARPOONERS 14 TO 15 BARRELS BASQUE EARLY PROVIDERS OF INSURANCE ENGLAND, EARLY 1600'S POSSIBLE TO INSURE MOST ASPECTS OF TRIP QUESTIONABLE CLAIMS DE CERAIN CLAIMED 4 DEAD WHALES, 400 EMPTY BARRELS, 10 WHALEBOATS, 16,000 ROOFING TILES, 70 BARRELS THROWN OVERBOARD, & REPAIRS TO SHIP INSURER REFUSED TO COVER THE 4 WHALES DE CERAIN FELT THEY SHOULD BE COVERED BECAUSE 3 WERE TIED TO SHIP & 1 ONSHORE TO BE PROCESSED WHALING DISSAPPEARS AT LABRADOR AT END OF 16TH CENTURY. POSSIBLY OVER HUNTING AGAIN POSSIBLY EVENTS OF 1588 INFLUENCED DEMISE IN THIS REGION ...
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