13 French & Indian Wars

13 French & Indian Wars - Warships King Williams...

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Unformatted text preview: Warships King Williams War (1689-1697) Queen Annes War (1702-1713) King Georges War (1744-1748) French and Indian War (1755-1763) Only European war that began in the Americas French Fur trade carried on rivers and lakes winters English Merchants and farmer, sea trade St. Lawrence perfect highway in summer froze solid during the winters depended on France for survival Colonies trading posts instead of settling places. Bateaux Bateaux Bateaux flat bottomed, double-ended, rowboats, also poled. 5.5 to 10 m long good for shallow waters, sturdy enough for rapids, small and light for portages. These vessels were designed for Northeastern waters, not found outside of North America First mentioned in 1671, Montreal, but not described until 1749 by Peter Kalm. English bateaux could carry 23 men and provisions for one month. Only for provisions, 30 barrels of flour and 16 barrels of pork (about 2 tons), sturdier than canoes On lakes fitted out with sail, handled better in rough waters than canoes sailed only with the wind shallow draft & flat bottom So common, rarely mentioned Bateaux were built bottom first, easier to build than canoes. flat bottom, oak or pine planks attached with plank battens Posts and frames were added to the flat bottom. Sides were planked, pine to reduce weight Cheap and easy to build. delivery trucks of the 17 th and 18 th centuries Quebec City Bateaux Several bateaux found 1984-1985 One under the foundations of a house, 1752 Four under a quay built in 1751 All probably abandoned Parts of five bateaux were recovered. Quebec's Museum of Civilization Bateaux Three almost complete, around 10 m in length. King Williams War (1689-1697) New France received orders to invade New York with 1600 troops. Do economic damage to England Governor of New France launched small attacks on the English outposts instead English militias tried to invade New France Failed 1689, 34 ships and 2,200 troops sailed from Boston to Quebec City Command of William Phips Arrival, late October Phips, withdrew...
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13 French & Indian Wars - Warships King Williams...

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