POLS432PP_7

POLS432PP_7 - Institutions of the European Union The...

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Institutions of the European Union The European Commission
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What is the European Commission? The independent executive arm of the European Union with nearly 25,000 employees (European civil servants) within the bureaucracy Primarily based in the Berlaymont building of Brussels Internal working languages are English, French and German The term Commission can refer to the College of Commissioners or to the larger institution itself
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History A predecessor of the Commission was the High Authority of the European Coal and Steel Community Jean Monnet was the first President of the High Authority Another “direct descendant” of the Commission is the Commission of the European Economic Community created by the Treaty of Rome (1957)
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History The Commission, as we know it today, was established under the Merger Treaty (1963) Jean Rey was the first President of the Commission of the European Communities The next eighteen years witness a series of weak presidents Major accomplishments include the enlargement in 1973 and 1981 and the completion of the customs market and exchange rate mechanism
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History As we have already seen, Jacques Delors rescues the European Union in the late 1980s and early 1990s. Major accomplishments include the Single European Act, the Maastricht Treaty, and the introduction of the European Monetary Union Since the Delors Commission, we have again seen a series of weak Commissions Santer Commission Prodi Commission
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History The various Commission can be thought of in terms of the their relative strength vis-à-vis the other institutions (usually Council of Ministers) Hallstein Strong Rey Weak Malfatti Weak Mansholt Weak Ortoli Weak Jenkins Strong Thorn Weak Delors Strong Santer Weak Marin Weak Prodi Weak Barroso ?????
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This note was uploaded on 03/24/2011 for the course POLS 432 taught by Professor Smith during the Spring '09 term at Texas A&M.

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POLS432PP_7 - Institutions of the European Union The...

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