POLS432PP_9b

POLS432PP_9b - The Institutions of the European Union The...

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The Institutions of the European Union The European Parliament
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What is the European Parliament? One of two legislative bodies of the European Union (The Council of the European Union is the other) The only directly-elected body of the European Union (the only supranational institution whose members are democratically elected by direct universal suffrage) Second largest democratic electorate (India) The 785 Members of the European Parliament (MEPs) represent the citizens of the European Union
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History of Name Changes Originally established as the Common Assembly of the European Coal and Steel Community Becomes the European Parliamentary Assembly under the Treaties of Rome in 1957 The body was renamed again to the European Parliament on March 30 th , 1962
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History of Power Expansion The body becomes the only directly elected institution within the European Union in 1979 The Single European Act gave Parliament the “cooperation” procedure Allowed for Parliament to have two “readings” of legislation and make amendments to the Commission’s proposals The Maastricht Treaty allowed Parliament oversight of the appointment of the Commission Consultative role
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History of Power Expansion The Amsterdam Treaty gave Parliament the formal power of rejecting the Commission as a whole The Nice Treaty was a disappointment to both the Commission and the European Parliament as it did not expand the powers of Parliament The Reform Treaty may give the Parliament even more powers
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POLS432PP_9b - The Institutions of the European Union The...

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