c3fall10 - Chapter 3 Politics Among the States The Texas...

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Chapter 3 Politics Among the States
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The Texas Political Culture The Concept of Political Culture Political culture is a shared framework of values, beliefs, and habits of behavior in regard to government and politics. Texas political culture is distinctive for a variety of reasons. The state's great size and its relative geographic isolation until the 20th century are important factors. Texas was an independent republic before joining the United States. Its mixture of the Old South and the West of the frontier contribute to the state’s distinctiveness. h
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The Texas Political Culture The Concept of Political Culture The experience, shared with other Southern states, of slavery, defeat in a civil war and postwar occupation, and denying African Americans full citizenship undergird the state's conservative political culture. Reinforcing the state’s southern cultural conservatism is an extreme individualism derived form the myth of the frontier. Based on the cultural patterns of the fifty states identified by Daniel Elazar, Texas is located at a midpoint between traditionalist and individualist political cultures. h
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Figure 3.1 Political Cultures in the United States AK AL AR AZ CA CO CT DE FL GA HI IA ID IL IN KS KY LA MA MD ME MI MN MO MS MT NC ND NE NH NJ NM NV NY OH OK OR PA RI SC SD TN TX UT VA VT WA WI WV WY Moralistic Moralitic and Individualistic Traditionalistic and Moralistic Individualistic Traditionalistic and Individualistic Traditionalistic
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Voting Age Population Turnout in Election for Governor, 1994 80% 70% 60% 50% 40% 30% 20% Voting Age Population Turnout in Election for Governor, 2006 70% 60% 50% 40% 30% 20% WY WV WI WA VT VA UT TX TN SD SC RI PA OR OK OH NY NV NM NJ NH NE ND NC MT MS MO MN MI ME MD MA LA KY KS IN IL ID IA HI GA FL DE CT CO CA AZ AR AL AK r = .79 Figure 3.2 Voting Turnout in Elections for Governor
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Political Culture Individualistic Political Culture It is an approach to government and politics that emphasizes private initiative with minimum government interference. This political culture stresses the importance of the individual and private initiative. It emphasizes a role of government limited to protecting individual rights, ensuring that social and political relationships are based upon merit rather than tradition, family ties, or personal connections. Moralistic Political Culture
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This note was uploaded on 03/24/2011 for the course POLS 207 taught by Professor Peterson during the Spring '07 term at Texas A&M.

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c3fall10 - Chapter 3 Politics Among the States The Texas...

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