Human relations due marh 24 - There are so many theories of...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–2. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
even understand them all. Motivation is defined as the force that: Energies Behavior- What initiates a behavior, behavioral patterns, or changes in behavior? What determines the level of effort and how hard a person works? This aspect of motivation deals with the question of “What motivates people?” Directs Behavior- What determines which behaviors an individual chooses? This aspect of motivation deals with the question of choice and conflict among competing behavioral alternatives. Sustains Behavior- What determines an individual's level of persistence with respect to behavioral patterns? This aspect of motivation deals with how behavior is sustained and stopped. When we observe behavioral patterns of time, we are looking at this aspect of motivation. I believe that motivation is behaviorally specific , that is, it is more appropriate to think in terms of an individual’s motivation to excel in a particular job requirement or even to carry out a specific behavior than it is to think about an individual’s overall motivation. While the Duracell battery people are amusing, we do not generally find people that are either always motivated in every situation or not motivated in any situation. While individual dispositional variables may affect an individual's motivation level at any particular time, motivation itself is not a dispositional variable (See Internal versus External webnote). Motivation theories are intended to explain one ingredient in the determination of individual performance. Performance is viewed as a function of motivation, ability, role perceptions and resources. Motivation theories explain the amount of efforts and the direction of that effort exhibited by organizational members. One way untangle the web of motivational theories is to categorize these various theories. For example, motivation theories are often divided among content theories, that explain the relative amount of effort (energizes behavior), and process theories, that explain the direct of that effort (directs behavior) and behavioral theories, that explain the continuation of a behavioral pattern (sustains behavior). Content and process theories are not competing explanations of the same construct in that each type of theory explains a part of the entire motivation process. Some motivation theories are really offering the same conceptual explanation using a
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 2
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Page1 / 4

Human relations due marh 24 - There are so many theories of...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 2. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online