Assignment_2_mgt[1] - Kyle Gring 10/4/2009 Mgt-268...

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Kyle Gring 10/4/2009 Mgt-268 Assignment 2 1. Define what a system is and what an information system is. Explain what the following statement means: “Information systems are subsystems in larger organizational systems”. A system is a group of interrelated or interdependent elements forming a complex whole. i. Plumbing System An Information system is a combination of hardware, software and trained personnel organized to facilitate planning, control coordination and decision making i. Transaction processing systems The statement, “Information systems are subsystems in larger organizational systems” means that information systems are tools used to assist in a system itself. It says that Information systems are smaller categories in a system itself. 2. Explain the difference between data, information, and knowledge. Give an example other than the ones discussed in class. Data is factual information used as a basis for reasoning. Data is descriptions or numbers that are not organized in any manner Information is compiled data that is organized in some manner that has meaning Knowledge is information and data that has been organized and analyzed so it portrays some kind of meaning that someone could apply to a situation or activity. Example: Statistical survey values (Favorite Pizza) i. Data would the raw numbers that were gathered from the statistical survey on what their favorite pizza was, information would be the data that has been analyzed and grouped into meaningful categories such as men and pepperoni or ages 10-20 and cheese pizza, and knowledge would be how we interpret the information and how we will use it down the line such as we learned that men like pepperoni pizza 60% of the time. 3. Briefly discuss how organizations can use information systems for automation, organizational learning and strategic support. Give an example other than the one discussed in class. Organizations can use information systems for the benefit of speed and accuracy making the input process automated. Another way to use information systems is the organization can very efficiently organize data so it is easy to comprehend and learn and see if there are any internal flaws in the organization that they need to fix. Information systems can also provide knowledge that will give an organization to capitalize on a competitive advantage they have over the competition. i.
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This note was uploaded on 03/25/2011 for the course MGT 268 taught by Professor Paragkosalge during the Spring '08 term at Grand Valley State University.

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Assignment_2_mgt[1] - Kyle Gring 10/4/2009 Mgt-268...

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